A single case of novel coronavirus reported in Hong Kong, China, Jan. 21. Patient hospitalized in isolation; low risk to the public.

Severity: Informational

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This alert began 22 Jan 2020 15:20 GMT and is scheduled to expire 31 Jan 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Novel Coronavirus
  • Location(s): West Kowloon, Hong Kong
  • Period: January 2019
  • Cases (Confirmed): 1 (1)

Summary
Health authorities in Hong Kong confirmed its first case of 2019 novel coronavirus from Wuhan, China, Jan. 22, 2020. A 39-year old male resident of Wuhan traveled to Hong Kong with his family by train Jan. 21 and was identified by officials at West Kowloon as having a fever. The patient was transferred to the Princess Margaret Hospital to be isolated and treated. The patient is currently stable and recovering from the infection. This is the most recent data as of Jan. 22.

Background and Analysis
The reported clinical signs and symptoms of 2019-nCoV infection are primarily fever, with only a few patients reported having breathing difficulty with chest radiographs highlighting invasive pneumonic infiltrates in both lungs. Preliminary information suggests older individuals and those with chronic illness are more susceptible to infection and are at increased risk for severe complications. Human-to-human transmission has been confirmed by Chinese health authorities, though it remains unclear how easily the virus spreads between people. Officials continue with intensive disease surveillance, contact tracing, and epidemiological investigations into all suspected and confirmed cases of 2019-nCoV.

Advice
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Additionally, avoid close contact with animals (dead or alive), and practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
WHO advice for international travel

CDC travel health notice

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