Critical Alert

The UK adds St. Eustatius and Saba, Poland, Turkey, and Bonaire to quarantine list Oct. 3 due increased coronavirus disease activity.

Alert Begins 01 Oct 2020 06:01 PM UTC
Alert Expires 09 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC


  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Business and travel disruptions


Authorities in England and Scotland have announced that international travelers from St. Eustatius and Saba, Poland, Turkey, and Bonaire will need to self-isolate for 14 days on arrival beginning 0400 Oct. 3 due to elevated coronavirus disease (COVID-19) activity in those countries.

In addition authorities in England are tightening restrictions in Liverpool, Warrington, Hartlepool, and Middlesbrough effective Oct. 3. From this date, residents will not be allowed to meet members of other households in indoor areas including catering establishments.

Authorities in Wales previously tightened restrictions in Cardiff, Swansea, Llanelli, Merthyr Tydfil, Bridgend, Blaenau Gwent, Newport, Rhondda Cynon Taff, and Caerphilly of Denbighshire, Flintshire, Conwy, and Wrexham; individuals are only permitted to enter or leave the areas mentioned above for essential purposes, such as work, education, and providing care. Indoor gatherings of people from different households are prohibited. Furthermore, protective face coverings are mandatory in all indoor public areas, including public transport.

Across the UK, restrictions introduced as part of efforts to combat the spread of COVID-19 remain in place. Authorities around the country have tightened restrictions on social activity due to rising numbers of cases. Specific new measures include:


  • In England, workers are advised to work from home if possible.
  • England, Scotland, and Wales require pubs and restaurants to close by 2200, and by 2300 in Northern Ireland.
  • Northern Ireland and Scotland prohibit indoor gatherings of people from different households.

Each of the UK's constituent countries has authority for imposing its own COVID-19-related travel and other restrictions, though they have typically remained closely aligned in their actions, with some variations. Authorities in England previously tightened restrictions on social gatherings Sept. 14 due to concerns over the accelerating transmission of COVID-19; indoor and outdoor social gatherings of more than six people from different households are prohibited.

Restrictions on social activity are tighter in areas with higher COVID-19 activity, which include parts of Leicester, Northwest England, Northeast England, the West Midlands, West Yorkshire, Greater Manchester, and Bolton (England); Glasgow, East Renfrewshire, and West Dumbartonshire (Scotland); and Wales. In some areas, residents are advised to use public transport only for essential purposes, such as traveling to work or school.

Most nonessential businesses around the UK have reopened; however, they must adhere to strict hygiene practices, including limits on the number of customers in stores to maintain social distancing, and should encourage customers to use hand sanitizer when entering the premises. Protective face coverings remain mandatory on public transport nationwide and in many enclosed public spaces.

International entry restrictions remain in effect. Although more than 70 countries and overseas territories - including Australia, Cuba, Germany, Italy, Malaysia, and New Zealand - are exempt from the requirement, international passengers of any nationality arriving from nonexempt locations must self-isolate for 14 days upon arrival in the UK. Health officials could perform spot checks to ensure compliance. Persons without suitable accommodations are required to stay in facilities arranged by the government at their own expense. Freight drivers and healthcare workers are exempt from the requirement. All international travelers entering the UK must provide contact details and their travel history over the previous 14 days. Officials review the measures every three weeks, or on a need-driven basis, in response to significant changes in disease activity abroad.

Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks. Government officials claim that improved COVID-19 data now allows a more targeted approach to imposing quarantine requirements on international arrivals, partly removing the necessity for national-level restrictions.


Background and Analysis
Elevated levels of COVID-19 cases prompted the Joint Biosecurity Centre to increase England’s COVID-19 alert level from 3 to 4 Sept. 21, indicating that virus transmission is "high or rising exponentially.” Prime Minister Boris Johnson has warned that the new measures could last until March 2021 and has not ruled out further stringent restrictions.


Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Arrive at the airport early to prevent your seat from being reallocated to a standby passenger. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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