As of Oct. 26, officials in Chile have amended national and local restrictions to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Specific measures imposed vary by location and intensity based on local disease activity. A two-phase quarantine system remains in effect. In areas under Phase-1 quarantines, all individuals must remain in their homes every day unless they possess a safe-conduct pass. For those under Phase-2 quarantines, individuals are only required to stay in their homes on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless they possess a safe-conduct pass.
Some locations have advanced to Phase 3 or Phase 4, under which there are no quarantine mandates. In Phase-3 and 4 locations, nationwide restrictions remain in effect and non-quarantine orders, such as capacity limits in businesses and school closures, continue to be enforced.
Authorities have banned most nonresident foreign nationals from entering the country. Such persons are permitted to leave Chile; however, international flight options are limited. Limited entry is allowed for citizens or residents of Argentina, as well as family members of Chilean citizens. Citizens and residents of Chile may forego a mandatory 14-day quarantine period upon entry if they test negative for COVID-19 via a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test conducted no more than 72 hours prior to entrance into the country. All others must adhere to the 14-day quarantine upon entry.
A nightly 2300-0500 curfew is in effect indefinitely; residents must remain in their homes during curfew hours. All persons over the age of 75 must stay in their homes; exceptions are in place for limited outings and depending on COVID-19 activity levels in the area. Events with more than 50 people remain prohibited. Nonessential businesses, including theaters, bars, and public gymnasiums, are closed until further notice. Restaurants may only operate for delivery or carry-out services; seated dining remains banned.
Individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 must quarantine for 14 days or until they no longer present symptoms, whichever is longer. Anyone who has had at least 15 minutes of face-to-face contact or prolonged exposure (two or more hours in a shared home, hotel, or office) with a person confirmed to have COVID-19 must quarantine for at least 14 days.
All persons must wear protective face coverings while in public, including parks, mass transit vehicles, and elevators. Health officials recommend medical-grade masks, but improvised or homemade coverings are permitted as long as they cover both the nose and mouth.
All persons must adhere to social distancing standards by keeping at least 1 meter (3 feet) away from each other. Exceptions are in place for individuals sharing vehicles and residences or engaged in work or other activities where maintaining such a distance is impossible.
Cleaning and disinfecting of all workplaces must occur at least once daily. Moreover, cleaning all tools and other items used by workers must happen each time a different employee uses them, and no less than once a day.
Santiago Metropolitan Region
The following areas are under a Phase-1 quarantine:
- The borough of Pichidegua
- The borough of San Vicente
- The borough of Santa Cruz
The following areas are under a Phase-2 quarantine:
- The borough of Buin
- The borough of Conchali
- The borough of Independencia
- The borough of Isla de Maipo
- The borough of La Cisterna
- The borough of La Granja
- The borough of La Pintana
- The borough of Las Condes
- The borough of Lo Prado
- The borough of Nunoa
- The borough of Padre Hurtado
- The borough of Providencia
- The borough of Puente Alto
- The urban areas of the borough of San Jose de Maipo
- The borough of San Miguel
- The borough of San Ramon
- The borough of Vitacura
Authorities have established checkpoints near the borders of Santiago Province and the boroughs of Buin, Colina, Lampa, Padre Hurtado, Puente Alto, and San Bernardo. Any person crossing these checkpoints must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history.
The urban areas of Antofagasta and Mejillones are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The boroughs of Carahue, Galvarino, Renaico, Saavedra, and Villarrica are under a Phase-1 quarantine. The boroughs of Angol, Cholchol, Collipulli, Cunco, Ercilla, Freire, Lautaro, Loncoche, Nueva Imperial, Lonquimay, Padre Las Casas, Perquenco, Pucon, Temuco, Teodoro Schmidt, Victoria, and Vilcun are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The urban area of the borough of Arica is under a Phase-1 quarantine.
The boroughs of Copiapo, Tierra Amarilla, and Vallenar are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The borough of Coyhaique is under a Phase-1 quarantine.
Aysen Region is indefinitely cordoned off, with entry and exit prohibited except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass. Persons entering the region from Los Lagos must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
The boroughs of Canete, Coronel, Curanilahue, Lebu, Los Alamos, Lota, and Tome are under a Phase-1 quarantine.
The boroughs of Arauco, Cabrero, Chiguayante, Concepcion, Hualpen, Hualqui, Laja, Penco, San Pedro de la Paz, San Rosendo, Talcahuano, and Yumbel are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
Persons entering from Valparaiso Region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit about their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
Los Lagos Region
The boroughs of Chonchi, Fresia, Frutillar, Los Muermos, Osorno, Puerto Montt, Purranque, Rio Negro, and San Juan de la Costa are under a Phase-1 quarantine. The boroughs of Maullin Calbuco are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
Chiloe Province remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
Persons entering or exiting the region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history at established checkpoints.
Persons entering Chiloe Island from any point of departure must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history.
Persons entering or exiting Ancud must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history.
Public transportation throughout the region may only operate at 50-percent capacity; the number of passengers allowed in taxis remains restricted.
Los Rios Region
The boroughs of Corral, Lanco, La Union, Los Lagos, Mariquina, Paillaco, Rio Bueno, and Valdivia are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The boroughs of Natales, Porvenir, and Punta Arenas are under a Phase-1 quarantine. The urban area of Punta Arenas remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
The city of Puerto Williams remains cordoned off, with no one being allowed to enter or leave, except for persons in possession of a safe-conduct pass.
Persons entering the region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit detailing their health and travel history at established checkpoints throughout the Strait of Magellan area.
The boroughs of Curico, Longavi, Maule, and Talca are under a Phase-2 quarantine, as is the urban area of the borough of Longavi.
Authorities have set up checkpoints on Route J-30, Route J-60, Route J-70, Route M-80, Route M-910, Route 5 South, and Route 126. All persons crossing the checkpoints must have their temperature taken and submit to any further medical examination authorities deem necessary to check for symptoms of COVID-19.
Additionally, authorities have banned events of 50 or more people and prohibited all religious gatherings.
The boroughs of Chillan, Chillan Viejo, and Coihueco are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The boroughs of Pichidegua and Rengo are under a Phase-1 quarantine. The boroughs of Graneros, San Fernando, Machali, Rancagua, and San Vicente de Tagua Tagua are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The boroughs of Alto Hospicio, Iquique, and Pozo Almonte are under a Phase-2 quarantine.
The boroughs of Los Andes, Valparaiso, and Vina del Mar are under a Phase-2 quarantine. Authorities have established checkpoints near the city limits of Valparaiso and Vina del Mar. All residents of the Santiago Metropolitan Region must undergo health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history before they can cross such checkpoints.
San Felipe is under a Phase-2 quarantine.
All persons traveling to Easter Island must undergo health screening and present an affidavit attesting to their health and travel history.
Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.