Summary
Due to an increase in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infection rates, authorities in Italy tightened certain measures on Oct. 26. Cinemas, theatres, gyms, and swimming pools will close. Dining establishments, such as restaurants and bars, are permitted to operate until 1800. Most schools have transitioned to online or distance learning. Authorities have asked individuals to limit unnecessary trips and to avoid public transport whenever possible. In some regions, local authorities are implementing increased measures. Daily curfews from 2300-0500 have been implemented in the provinces of Piedmont and Sicily, while Calabria has introduced a 0000-0500 curfew as of Oct. 26.

Previously, authorities introduced 2300-0500 daily curfews in the regions of Lombardy and Campania, and a 0000-0500 curfew in Lazio. Individuals are to stay at home during this period except for essential purposes. Anyone leaving their homes for essential reasons will be required to provide a self-declaration form. Violators will be fined between EUR 400 and 3000 (USD 466 and 3560). In addition, stores located within enclosed shopping malls in Lombardy will be closed on weekends; pharmacies and grocery stores are exempt.

Local authorities are now empowered to close crowded public spaces after 2100. Public gatherings are suspended nationwide, and home gatherings are limited to six guests and members of the household. All amateur contact sports, including football, are temporarily suspended.

Authorities in Italy are maintaining COVID-19-related entry restrictions for travelers from certain countries. Individuals traveling from Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, the Netherlands, Spain, and the UK, or who have visited these countries in the previous 14 days, are required to present evidence of a negative COVID-19 molecular or antigenic test taken within the previous 72 hours on arrival. Alternatively, individuals may opt to take a test at the airport, or self-isolate and arrange to take a test within 48 hours of arrival for airports without testing capabilities; a positive result will require the traveler to quarantine until two consecutive negative tests have been recorded. Travelers from most other EU countries, Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Norway, San Marino, Switzerland, and the Vatican City, are permitted to enter the country without restriction. Travelers from Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Romania, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, and Uruguay are permitted to enter Italy but must self-isolate for 14 days on arrival.

All travel from Armenia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Kosovo, Kuwait, North Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Oman, Panama, Peru, Dominican Republic, and Serbia is prohibited, except for Italian residents and their immediate families, and for government workers. Travel is prohibited from all other countries, except when conducted for study, proven work needs, or urgent reasons such as health; all such arrivals are also required to register and self-isolate for 14 days on arrival. Transport and health workers, individuals in transit through Italy, and those staying in Italy for less than 120 hours for work reasons are not required to self-isolate.

All international arrivals, excluding those from San Marino and Vatican City, are required to fill out a self-declaration form prior to arrival that must be presented to authorities upon request.

Authorities in Italy previously extended the nation's state of emergency until Jan. 31. The measure gives the central government the authority to tighten restrictions and allocate resources nationwide at short notice. Protective facemasks are mandatory in all outdoor public spaces in addition to enclosed public spaces; violators may face fines between EUR 400 and 1000 (USD 470 and 1180). Social distancing of at least one meter (3 feet) must be observed where possible. Remote working remains encouraged whenever possible.

Most business operations and social activities are permitted to resume, provided strict social distancing and hygiene requirements are enforced. Rail passengers are subject to a mandatory temperature check before boarding. Any individuals displaying symptoms of COVID-19 will not be permitted to travel.

Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.

 

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions

 

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