Authorities in Brazil have extended the ban on entry for nonresident foreign nationals by land and waterways, unless otherwise stated, through at least Nov. 13. Brazilian citizens, permanent residents, foreign residents working for international organizations, foreign governments, trade or humanitarian purposes, as well as close family members of Brazilian citizens and residents, are exempt from the ban. The order was extended Oct. 14 for an additional 30 days.
Apart from the overarching land border closures and as part of a joint agreement as of Oct. 15, officials reopened the land border crossings with Paraguay, specifically at Foz do Iguacu, Ponta Pora, and Mundo Novo. Foreign citizens are allowed to enter Brazil by air for visits no longer than 90 days; travelers no longer need to provide proof of health insurance to enter the country.
Domestically, local authorities have implemented their own economic recovery plans in each of the country's 26 states and the federal district. Restrictions and measures vary depending on the state; some cities are also empowered to enforce their own actions. Commercial activity has largely resumed across most parts of the country, albeit subject to operating protocols and capacity limits in some areas. The use of facemasks is also required in various areas. Rio de Janeiro is already in an advanced recovery stage, allowing restaurants, bars, gyms, cinemas, tourist sites, religious services, and personal care businesses to operate. Some states that are still implementing recovery plans are:
- Sao Paulo: Authorities maintain a five-tier economic recovery plan that permits businesses and entertainment and recreational to operate up to 12 hours with up to 60-percent occupancy in Phase 4 (Green) and up to eight hours with 40-percent capacity in Phase 3 (Yellow). Cultural activities, conventions, and social or business events are permitted in Phase 4. As of Oct. 18, the Greater Sao Paulo region, Baixada Santista, Campinas, Piracicaba, Sorocaba, and Taubate have entered Phase 4, while most others are in Phase 3. No region in the state is currently on Phase 5, the least restrictive phase, or Phase 1, the most restrictive. Authorities continue to urge all persons to remain at home except to perform essential tasks, and large group events are banned.
- Minas Gerais: Authorities are maintaining a three-tiered economic recovery plan. As of Oct. 18, around half of the state is in the least restrictive Green Phase of recovery, including the macro-regions of Triangulo do Norte, Sudeste, Noroeste, and Centro, Triangulo do Sul, Centro-Sul, Norte, and Jequitinhonha. All other regions are in Phase 2, which places additional restrictions on some activities and establishments, including fairs, schools, cinemas, and parks. In Belo Horizonte, cinemas, theaters, and concert halls may reopen Oct. 31.
State and municipal officials could continue to modify their local restrictions, depending on local disease activity and government preparedness to respond to the disease. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice.
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Abide by local health and safety measures. Confirm appointments and travel arrangements.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.