Authorities in Sao Tome and Principe have extended the coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-related State of Alert through Nov. 15. Under the State of Alert, several health-related measures will remain in force.

Domestic Restrictions:


  • The wearing of protective facemasks is mandatory in closed private and public spaces, public transportation, and schools.
  • Markets and religious sites can operate at 50-percent capacity.
  • Team sports can resume practice at 50-percent capacity.
  • All bars and clubs remain closed until further notice. Music festivals are also prohibited.


International Travel Restrictions:


  • International flights are ongoing.
  • Travelers must present a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) COVID-19 test result, obtained no more than 72 hours before arrival. Travelers must also present a test upon departure.
  • Travelers without proof or displaying symptoms will be subject to a test at the port of arrival and may face quarantine measures.
  • Sao Tomean nationals returning to the country may be subject to mandatory quarantine.


COVID-19-related restrictions have largely been relaxed in recent weeks; however, further amendments or updates in response to disease activity are likely in the coming months. Disruptions to domestic and international travel are also likely to persist as authorities screen all arrivals and departures.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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