Authorities have ended the state of health emergency related to containing the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Oct. 19. Several restrictions and measures remain in place, including the following:
- Fascene Airport (NOS) on Nosy Be Island is the only airport in the country permitted to receive international travelers from islands in the Indian Ocean sincef Oct. 7; all other international airports remain closed. A negative COVID-19 test is required upon entry. A mandatory 14-day quarantine period is required for all travelers.
- The partial reopening of international borders for other countries scheduled for Oct. 29 is canceled until further notice.
- The last date for repatriation flights to the country will be Nov. 1.
- All shops, restaurants, places of worship, and recreational centers are permitted to operate without significant restrictions, as long as social distancing sanitization methods are followed.
- Schools and universities remain closed until further notice.
- Gatherings are permitted with no more than 200 participants.
- The wearing of a protective facemask remains mandatory in public spaces.
- All domestic air travelers will be subject to a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test taken no less than 48 hours before departure. Only those with a negative test result will be permitted to board flights.
- Polyclinique Ilafy and Hospital Manarapenitra Andenatepenaka in Antananarivo offer PCR tests for COVID-19. Institut Pasteur, also in Antananarivo, offers serological tests for COVID-19.
All sea borders remain suspended until further notice; however, cargo and humanitarian flights are operational. Authorities could change COVID-19 restrictions with little-to-no warning.
Background and Analysis
Madagascar has enforced and relaxed several measures in recent months to contain the spread of COVID-19. Authorities are likely to continue to reintroduce sporadic, highly targeted measures in response to local COVID-19 outbreaks. Such measures could apply to regions, cities, neighborhoods, or specific facilities.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.