Summary
Authorities in Luxembourg have tightened a number of domestic restrictions as of Oct. 30 following a sharp increase in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infections. From this date a nightly 2300-0600 curfew is in effect, during which time individuals may only leave their home for essential reasons; this measure is in force until at least Nov. 30. Authorities are now prohibiting more than four individuals from different households from gathering inside a private dwelling, being seated together at a restaurant, or engaging in sports together. Organized public gatherings of up to 100 people are permitted. These measures are in force until at least Dec. 31.

Most businesses, facilities, and services have resumed operation, though they are subject to strict hygiene and social distancing requirements. Facemasks are mandatory on public transport, at gatherings of more than four people, and public spaces where you cannot observe social distancing of 2 meters (6.5 feet).

Authorities are maintaining international entry restrictions as of Oct. 30. No entry restrictions apply to travelers from the European Economic Area, Switzerland, and the UK; residents of Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, and Uruguay are also permitted to enter the country. Any travelers arriving by air from a country not listed above will require evidence of a negative COVID-19 test result taken within 48 hours prior to departure. Most travelers from elsewhere are prohibited from entry until at least Dec. 31.

Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.

 

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.

 

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Carry proper identification documents to present at security checks. Heed all official advisories and remain nonconfrontational if stopped by authorities. Consider delaying travel if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

 

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