Summary
Authorities in Chad have revised and extended the existing 2300-0500 nightly curfew in certain regions through at least Oct. 26 as part of government efforts to slow coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The curfew is in effect in N'Djamena, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Guera, Kanem, and Mayo-Kebbi Est regions; in Mandelia and Lougoun sub-prefectures in Chari-Baguirmi Region; and in N'Djamena Fara sub-prefecture in Hadjer-Lamis Region. During curfew hours, people outside their homes may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only those participating in the provision of critical services may leave their homes during curfew hours.

Other restrictions and measures remain nationwide, including restrictions on travel into and out of N'Djamena and all regional capitals. Freight and cargo transport serving these cities is limited. Land borders remain closed to passenger traffic.

Authorities allowed the resumption of limited commercial flights at N'Djamena International Airport (NDJ) from Aug. 1. Travelers to Chad must provide proof of having tested negative for COVID-19 using a test taken up to seven days before arrival in Chad. Travelers arriving in Chad will be subject to a mandatory seven-day quarantine. Cargo and emergency flights are ongoing.

Most businesses have resumed operations, though businesses must adhere to social distancing and sanitation guidelines. Public transport services have also resumed, with limits on the number of passengers allowed in vehicles.

Failure to comply with edicts will result in disciplinary action, including fines and possible incarceration. Authorities could impose additional restrictions based on disease activity in the coming days and weeks.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure, especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

 

 

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