Warning Alert


Authorities in Cape Verde extend state of calamity for Santiago and Fogo through Nov. 14. Use of facemasks mandatory from Nov. 5.

 

Summary
Authorities in Cape Verde have extended the country's state of calamity for the islands of Santiago and Fogo through at least Nov. 14, as part of measures to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Other islands will remain under a state of contingency. The new edicts follow the resumption of commercial international air and maritime travel Oct. 12. Travelers entering and exiting Cape Verde must present a negative COVID-19 test certificate taken no more than 72 hours prior to travel. Travelers will be screened at ports of entry; travelers arriving in Cape Verde will also need to complete an online health surveillance form and an airport security tax form.

Domestic Measures
Despite the resumption of international travel, several domestic measures remain to stem the spread of COVID-19. Authorities have stated the use of facemasks in public places is mandatory from Nov. 5. Limited operational restrictions on commercial, leisure, and religious premises stay in place on all islands. Social distancing and hygiene measures have been maintained. Most businesses are operational; however, limitations on operating hours are in place. Persons displaying COVID-19 symptoms are requested to self-quarantine for 14 days. Inter-island flights and maritime transport resumed in mid-July. Persons traveling to the islands of Sal and Boa Vista and from Santiago and Fogo must present a negative COVID-19 screening test carried out no more than 72 hours before departure. The online health surveillance form must also be completed.

Authorities are likely to continue to amend and update restrictions in response to COVID-19 activity in the coming weeks. These will continue to disrupt both domestic and international travel and business operations.

 

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.

 

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements before departure. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

 

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