Authorities in Angola have extended the sanitary cordon through at least Nov. 22 in continued efforts to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Several restrictions remain in place and include the following:
- Limited international travel is permitted; however, authorization from authorities to enter and leave Angola is no longer required, provided that a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) COVID-19 test is taken no more than 72 hours before departure or arrival, at the expense of the traveler.
- Any persons entering the country need to comply with a mandatory quarantine period of seven days.
- Only official travel, diplomatic travel, evacuation of the sick, and repatriation of citizens are permitted. No business or leisure travel is allowed.
- Domestic flights are permitted to resume since Sept. 14. A serological COVID-19 test will be carried out at airports at the expense of domestic travelers.
- Land and sea borders remain closed until further notice, except for humanitarian and cargo transport.
- Travelers entering Luanda no longer need permits but are required to provide a negative COVID-19 test.
- Religious and funeral services are permitted to operate four days a week nationwide. Funeral services are limited to 15 people for COVID-19-related deaths but increase to 25 people in other cases.
- Businesses are permitted to operate; however, the permitted capacity has decreased from 75 percent to 50 percent.
- Public transport is permitted to operate 0800-1300.
- Women with children under the age of 12 are exempt from working until further notice.
- All previously considered nonessential services are permitted to operate 0700-2000 at 50-percent capacity. Stores may only allow 50-percent customer capacity in stores at any given time.
- Restaurants are permitted to operate between 0600-1600 with 50-percent capacity.
- Street vendors are permitted to operate three days per week, 0600-1500, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. Informal street markets remain prohibited until further notice.
- All social, religious, business, and political meetings may not exceed 50-percent capacity.
- All concerts remain prohibited until further notice.
- No person without plausible cause is permitted to move around between 2200-0500.
- The wearing of facemasks in private vehicles is suspended; however, it is mandatory to wear facemasks while commuting with public transport and public spaces.
Those caught in breach of COVID-19 measures and restrictions will be subject to fines. Authorities may introduce new restrictions with little notice in the coming days.
Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Avoid large public gatherings and concentrations of security personnel.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.