First imported case of COVID-19 reported in Dornogovi Province, Mongolia, in March 2020. Maintain basic health precautions.
Severity: Informational Alert
The locations affected by this alert are:
- Khanbogd (Oyu Tolgoi)
This alert began 11 Mar 2020 15:00 GMT and is scheduled to expire 11 Mar 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: Imported case of coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
- Location(s): Dornogovi Province (map)
- Period: March 2020
Mongolian health authorities reported the first confirmed novel coronavirus (COVID-19) case March 9, 2020. A 57-year-old French national arrived in Dornogovi Province March 2 on a business trip. Nearly 500 contacts have been followed up and the isolation process has begun.
Background and Analysis
Older individuals, infants, and those with chronic illness are more susceptible to infection and are at increased risk for severe complications. Human-to-human transmission can occur, though it remains unclear how easily the virus spreads between people. Preliminary investigations indicate the course of illness is not as severe as seasonal influenza, nor as contagious.
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Avoid close contact with animals (dead or alive), especially at wet markets. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.
WHO advice for international travel
WHO coronavirus knowledge base
US CDC: Interim Guidance for Businesses and Employers
WHO: Getting your workplace ready for COVID-19