Health: First confirmed exported novel coronavirus reported in Thailand from Wuhan, China, Jan. 13, 2020. Use basic health precautions.

Severity: Informational Alert

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This alert began 16 Jan 2020 09:20 GMT and is scheduled to expire 16 Mar 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: First confirmed exported novel coronavirus case
  • Location(s): Bangkok 
  • Date: January 2020
  • Cases (Confirmed): 1 (1)
  • Transmission: Likely respiratory (coughing, sneezing, speaking)

Summary
The Thailand Ministry of Health confirmed the first imported case of laboratory-confirmed novel coronavirus from Wuhan, China Jan. 13, 2020. A 61-year old Chinese woman living in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China developed fever with chills, a sore throat, and headache Jan. 5. She traveled with her family to Thailand from Wuhan City Jan. 8 and on the same day via thermal surveillance at the Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK), Thailand, she was detected has having a fever and was hospitalized and treated that same day. The patient is currently in a stable condition. This is the most recent data as of Jan. 16.

Background and Analysis
This is first exported novel coronavirus case from Wuhan City, China, since the outbreak started Dec. 31, 2019, where 41 cases were confirmed through Jan. 3, 2020. The patient's exposure history is currently under investigation. Her history states that she visited a local fresh market in Wuhan several times before Jan. 5, 2020; however, it was not the Huanan South China Seafood Market, where the majority of the cases were reported. Since the patient did not visit this market, it is imperative that investigations continue to identify the source of infection. No clear evidence is available of human-human transmission. Officials continue to manage the outbreak.

Advice
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.