First case of COVID-19 reported March 6 in Bratislava, Slovakia. Risk to public remains low. Use basic health precautions.

Severity: Informational Alert

This alert began 07 Mar 2020 03:49 GMT and is scheduled to expire 13 Mar 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
  • Location(s): Kostoliste and Bratislava, Bratislava Region (map)
  • Date: March 6
  • Impact: Increased health precautions

Summary
Government officials confirmed the first case of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in Slovakia, March 6. The patient, who is from Kostoliste in Bratislava Region, had no history of recent overseas travel. The individual is receiving treatment in isolation at the University Hospital in Bratislava. Authorities reported that one of the patient's family members had traveled to Venice, Italy, in February; however, they are unable to confirm if that is the source of the current case. This represents the first known confirmed case of the disease in Slovakia. The risk to the wider public remains low.

Kostoliste is around 35 km (22 miles) north-northwest of Bratislava.

Background and Analysis
Additional cases may be identified in the coming weeks as elevated disease surveillance continues. Older individuals, infants, and those with chronic illness are more susceptible to infection and are at increased risk for severe complications. Human-to-human transmission can occur, though it remains unclear how easily the virus spreads between people.

COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.

Advice
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
WHO advice for international travel

WHO coronavirus knowledge base

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