Critical Alert

Authorities tighten COVID-19-related restrictions in Paris, France, from Oct. 6 due to increased infection rates.

Alert Begins 05 Oct 2020 11:46 AM UTC
Alert Expires 21 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC


  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Possible business and transport disruptions


Authorities in France are raising Paris and the surrounding departments of Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, and Hauts-de-Seine to "maximum alert zones," the second-highest level of a four-tier system, for 15 days as of Oct. 6 due to increasing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infection rates. During this period, all bars must remain closed, and businesses and establishments must implement stricter hygiene requirements in order to continue to operate. Previous restrictions that continue to be enforced include a ban on public and private gatherings of more than 10 people, a limit of 1,000 attendees at organized events, and the closure of sports and fitness facilities. Aix-Marseille Metropolis was previously designated as a maximum alert zone as of Sept. 28 and is subject to the same additional restrictions.

French authorities currently designate the metropolises of Bordeaux, Grenoble, Lille, Lyon, Montpellier, Nice, Rennes, Rouen, Saint-Etienne, and Toulouse as "enhanced alert zones," the third-highest alert level, indicated by infection rates of over 150 per 100,000 over the previous seven days. Additional restrictions in enhanced alert zones include a ban on public and private gatherings of more than 10 people, a limit of 1,000 attendees at organized events, the closure of sports and fitness facilities, and a requirement for bars to close at 2200.

Authorities have mandated the nationwide use of facemasks in enclosed public spaces, including shared workspaces, while a number of local jurisdictions, including Paris, require their use in outdoor public spaces. Most businesses and services are permitted to resume operations, provided they implement strict hygiene and social distancing requirements, unless otherwise prohibited, in areas with an increased alert level. Individuals from different households are required to observe social distancing of at least 1 meter (3 feet). National authorities can increase a region's alert level at short notice, and local authorities in areas with heightened alert levels can implement additional restrictions on movement, gatherings, and businesses as they see fit.

Travel Restrictions
Authorities are maintaining international travel restrictions on most foreign nationals. International arrivals from the European Economic Area (EEA) and Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, Morocco, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Korea, Switzerland, Thailand, Tunisia, the UK, and Uruguay are permitted to enter without restriction. Most travelers from other locations remain barred from entry, though exceptions are made for French nationals and residents, as well as for persons traveling on what authorities deem to be essential reasons, including certain necessary workers, diplomats, students, and those visiting for urgent family reasons. All such arrivals are required to complete a form declaring themselves to be COVID-19 free and present a certificate declaring their reason for travel.

Permitted travelers arriving from Bahrain, Panama, the UAE, and the US must present proof of having tested negative for COVID-19 within 72 hours prior to boarding; permitted arrivals from Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, India, Israel, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Madagascar, Maldives, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Oman, Palestinian Territories, Peru, Qatar, Serbia, South Africa, and Turkey must meet the same condition or take a test on arrival. Permitted travelers from all other locations are able to present a negative COVID-19 test taken within the previous 72 hours or take a test on arrival; otherwise, they are required to self-isolate for 14 days.

Authorities could reimpose, extend, further ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.


Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.



Back to the COVID-19 Risk Intelligence & Resource Center