Severity: Warning Alert

Exit/Entry: Various travel restrictions and other preventative measures remain in force across Africa due to COVID-19 as of July 31.

  • Alert Begins: 31 Jul 2020 03:15 PM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 07 Aug 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Africa (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant travel, transport, and business disruptions

Governments in Africa are maintaining travel and other restrictions to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Specific measures vary by country, though as of July 31, significant restrictions include:


  • Angola: State of health calamity extended in Luanda and Canzego, Cuanza Norte Province, through at least Aug. 9. Other areas of Angola remain under less restrictive measures. All international and domestic flights remain suspended. Land borders remain closed, apart from commercial transport.


  • Benin: Limited international air travel has resumed. Domestic restrictions have been eased. Places of worship, bars, and public transport services also resumed June 2. Only essential travel is allowed at border crossings with neighboring countries. The land border with Togo is closed.


  • Botswana: Gaborone has been placed under total lockdown through at least Aug. 13 due to increasing cases of COVID-19. Residents will only be permitted to leave their residential address for essential goods and services 0800-2000. Land and air borders remain closed.


  • Burundi: International passenger flights at Melchior Ndadaye Airport (BJM) are suspended indefinitely. Authorities have also imposed restrictions at land border crossings.


  • Burkina Faso: Domestic flights resumed July 24. International air travel is expected to resume Aug. 1. Land borders remain closed.


  • Cameroon: Limited international air travel has resumed. An indefinite closure of land and sea borders remains in place.


  • Cape Verde: Domestic sea travel is ongoing. Domestic air travel resumed July 15. Limited international flights to resume Aug. 1.


  • Chad: International flights at N'Djamena International Airport (NDJ) will resume Aug. 1. A state of emergency is active until Oct. 17. A nightly 2000-0500 curfew is in place in the capital, N'Djamena, and in the Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, and Mayo-Kebbi Est regions. Intercity travel restrictions remain in place.


  • Central African Republic: Limited international flight services have resumed at Bangui M'Poko International Airport (BGF) as of July 10. Persons entering the country are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Border closures with neighboring countries are in place.


  • Comoros: All international flights are suspended until further notice. Ports remain closed to traffic from affected countries.


  • Cote d'Ivoire: State of emergency measures remain in place through Aug. 31. Land and sea borders will remain closed during this period; however, domestic flights resumed June 26. International flights, with screening measures, were allowed to restart July 1.


  • Djibouti: Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport (JIB) has reopened since July 17. Passengers entering Djibouti will be tested upon arrival for COVID-19. All passengers entering or transiting Djibouti will be tested upon arrival for COVID-19; those who test positive will enter government isolated centers, or will be deported.


  • Democratic Republic of Congo: Officials in the DRC have lifted the health state of emergency related to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of July 22. Airports, ports, borders, and places of worship can reopen from Aug. 15.


  • Equatorial Guinea: Confinement measures, including a state of emergency, have been eased from June 15. A comprehensive reopening plan is in place, and authorities are pushing for a return to normalcy in the coming weeks.


  • Eritrea: An indefinite stay-at-home order remains in place. All international commercial passenger flights remain suspended until further notice. Other COVID-19 measures extended indefinitely.


  • eSwatini (Swaziland): The state of emergency remains in place. Borders remain closed.


  • Ethiopia: A five-month state of emergency, enacted April 8, is currently in place. All international land borders remain closed, with regional states suspending incoming and outgoing public transportation.


  • Gabon: Domestic travel has been allowed to resume from July 1. Limited international flight services can also resume. Land and sea borders remain closed except for cases of repatriation, the transport of food, oil, gas, and freight. A nationwide 2000-0500 curfew remains in place.


  • Gambia: Land and sea borders closed until further notice. All flights remain suspended, though emergency and cargo planes can continue to operate.


  • Ghana: Land, sea, and air borders will remain closed to travelers until further notice. Special dispensation will be given for evacuation and repatriation travel, subject to mandatory quarantine and safety protocols.


  • Guinea: The country's state of health emergency measures extended through at least Aug. 16. Air borders are gradually reopening since July 17 for international flights. Land and sea borders remain closed until further notice. A 0000-0400 curfew is in place in Greater Conakry (Conakry, Coyah, and Dubreka).


  • Guinea-Bissau: A state of emergency is in place through at least Aug. 24. National borders were reopened May 27. Domestic restrictions remain in place, and only essential services, such as food and medical supply, are operating.


  • Kenya: A nationwide 2100-0500 curfew is in place through early August. Domestic flights resumed July 15, with international flights restarting Aug. 1.


  • Lesotho: Land and air borders will remain closed until further notice. Citizens of Lesotho are permitted to return to the country but will be subject to self-isolation for 14 days while awaiting COVID-19 test results.


  • Liberia: National public health measures have been introduced July 23. International flights have resumed. The movement of essential staff and products is permitted. The status of the curfew remains unclear.


  • Madagascar: The health state of emergency has been extended through to at least Aug. 11. All land, sea, and air borders remain closed. Cargo and humanitarian flights will be allowed to continue.


  • Mali: Commercial international flights remain banned, however, authorities in Mali have announced plans to reopen air and land borders amid easing of restrictions related to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) beginning July 31.


  • Malawi: Commercial international flights remain suspended. Land borders are reportedly open; however, delays at crossings are likely due to enhanced screening measures. Enhanced screening measures are in place for all travelers.


  • Mauritania: Domestic restrictions were eased nationwide July 10; intercity travel and domestic flights have resumed.


  • Mauritius: All restrictions on economic and social activities are lifted as of June 15. All borders remain closed.


  • Mayotte: Mayotte Dzaoudzi-Pamandzi International Airport (DZA) is open to essential passenger travel for French nationals. Commercial air travel between Mayotte and Reunion has resumed. The State of Health emergency is in place until October.


  • Mozambique: The state of emergency remains in place through early August. International passenger flights are suspended. There are restrictions on passenger transit at land, air, or maritime ports of entry, with certain exceptions, including freight transport. There is a mandatory quarantine for all persons who have traveled abroad.


  • Namibia: The easing of travel and movement restrictions, which began May 5, is ongoing. Stage 4 restrictions are in place until Sept. 17, except for parts of the Erongo Region, which are under Stage 3 until Aug. 3. Borders remain closed.


  • Niger: International flights air restrictions will be lifted from Aug. 1. Land border closures with neighboring countries are in place. A state of health emergency is in place through Oct. 12.


  • Nigeria: All land borders remain closed to passenger traffic. All international airports remain closed, except for repatriation flights. Interstate travel resumed June 1. Domestic flights resumed July 8.


  • Republic of Congo: The state of health emergency has been extended through at least Aug. 19. A 2000-0500 is also in place in Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. Authorities have stated that border restrictions will be lifted from Aug. 20, which will likely affect international air, overland, and sea travel.


  • Reunion: State of Health emergency expired July 10; most business and travel restrictions have been rolled back. Travelers to Reunion are still required to conduct COVID-19 tests 72 hours prior to departure.


  • Rwanda: A nationwide 2100-0500 curfew remains in place. Private and public transportation between provinces has resumed, except movement to and from Rusizi and Rubavu districts. Commercial flights will resume from Aug. 1.


  • Saint Helena: Only residents, holders of long-term entry permits, and sponsored Technical Cooperation Officers, contractors, and travelers to Ascension will be permitted to enter. All arrivals are subject to a compulsory 14-day quarantine at Bradleys Camp Quarantine Facility.


  • Sao Tome and Principe: State of emergency downgraded to a state of calamity until Aug. 15. Regular domestic and international travel have resumed. Travelers arriving in Sao Tome and Principe must present a negative COVID-19 test taken up to 72 prior to travel.


  • Senegal: International flights resumed July 15; however, land and sea borders remain closed indefinitely. Freight transport via land and sea routes is likely to continue but would be subject to increased screening.


  • Seychelles: The phased reopening of Seychellois borders, which began June 1, is ongoing as of July 31. From Aug. 1, commercial tourist activity will resume in the country.


  • Sierra Leone: Inter-district travel can resume, and operations at Lungi International Airport (FNA) were allowed to restart July 22. Restrictive measures, including a nationwide 2300-0500 nightly curfew, remain in effect following the expiration of a state of emergency.


  • Somalia: An indefinite 2000-0500 curfew is in place in Mogadishu. International flights are canceled until further notice. Authorities in Somaliland are implementing separate measures. Land and sea borders are closed.


  • South Africa: Level 3 restrictions are in place indefinitely. The national state of disaster is extended until Aug 15. A 2200-0400 nightly curfew is in place. Domestic business travel is permitted. Regional and international flights remain largely suspended. Land border crossings remain closed to commercial passenger traffic.


  • South Sudan: All domestic and international commercial flights have resumed as of May 13. A nationwide 2000-0600 curfew is in place. Interstate movement is banned until further notice.


  • Sudan: A nightly curfew hour 1800-0500 is in place in Khartoum State. The government has also enacted a state of emergency; all land and sea borders remain closed. Authorities have reopened Khartoum International Airport (KRT) to international flights with Egypt, Turkey, and the UAE as of July 10. Outside Khartoum, a nationwide curfew is in effect 1800-0600. Interstate and intercity travel has been banned.


  • Tanzania: All international commercial flights and cross-border transportation have resumed since May 19. Under the new measures, all travelers arriving at all airports will be required to undergo enhanced screening for COVID-19 upon arrival.


  • Togo: The country’s state of emergency has been extended through at least Aug. 16. Authorities are debating reopening Togo's borders.


  • Uganda: Restrictive measures are in place nationwide and indefinitely. A nationwide 2100-0630 curfew is in place. Air, land, and maritime ports of entry remain closed.


  • Zambia: Kenneth Kaunda International Airport (LUN) in Lusaka will remain open, while Simon Mwansa Kapwepwe International Airport (NLA), Harry Mwanga Nkumbula International Airport (LVA), and Mfuwe Airport (MFU) are closed to international passenger traffic. The border with Tanzania at Nakonde and the DRC crossing at Kasumbalesa have reopened. A mandatory 14-day quarantine is in place at a government health facility for all persons entering Zambia.


  • Zimbabwe: 1800-0600 nighttime curfew imposed until further notice. Nationwide movement restrictions are in place indefinitely. Stay-at-home measures and limitations on internal movement are in place. Air and land borders remain closed.


All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice, and the relaxing of any restrictions is reversible. The movement of cargo across international borders and within impacted countries is continuing largely unhindered.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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