Severity: Warning Alert 

Exit/Entry: Varying restrictions likely in Central America and the Caribbean through mid-July due to COVID-19 as some countries reopen.

  • Alert Begins: 03 Jul 2020 07:50 PM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 15 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Region-wide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Severe transport, travel, and business disruptions

Authorities in the Caribbean and Central America will maintain travel, business, and movement restrictions of varying degrees through at least mid-July to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while attempting to reopen their economies. The exact duration of the measures will almost certainly depend on disease activity and local authorities' preparedness to respond to the pandemic. The following measures are in place as of July 3:


  • Anguilla: All air and seaports are closed to non-resident foreign nationals through at least July 14.


  • Antigua and Barbuda: Air and seaports have reopened with enhanced health screenings. A 2300-0500 curfew is in effect through July 31; however, business restrictions have been gradually eased since mid-May.


  • Aruba: The phased reopening of borders began June 15 and will continue through mid-July. Most businesses have reopened since the gradual process of lifting restrictions began May 4.


  • Bahamas: Authorities lifted restrictions on international passenger flights, mariners, and private aviation as of July 1. A daily 2200-0500 curfew is in effect until further notice. The majority of professional services and commercial establishments have been permitted to resume operations.


  • Barbados: Commercial international passenger flights are suspended, with some airlines negotiating to provide limited services.


  • Belize: Borders remain closed to all foreign nationals. Remaining business and internal movement restrictions were lifted July 1.


  • Bermuda: LF Wade International Airport (BDA) reopened to international passenger flights July 2. A 0001-0500 curfew is in effect until further notice.


  • British Virgin Islands: Air and seaports have reopened for citizens and permanent residents as of June 4; however, nonresident foreign nationals are still banned. A 0001-0500 curfew is in effect until July 14. Authorities began gradually easing business restrictions in late April.


  • Caribbean French Territories: Arriving passengers are subject to advanced health screenings and quarantine protocols. Most nonessential businesses and activities have resumed.


  • Caribbean Netherlands: Passenger flights to Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius remain suspended through Aug. 1 with some exceptions. Most businesses and recreational activities have resumed.


  • Cayman Islands: All international passenger flights are suspended until at least the end of August. Cruise ships and private vessels are also banned from docking. Some other COVID-related measures are still in place on Grand Cayman and Cayman Brac.


  • Costa Rica: All ground, air, and maritime borders remain closed to non-resident foreign nationals through Aug. 1. Various vehicular transit bans are in place.


  • Cuba: All international commercial passenger flights are suspended and foreign maritime vessels are banned from docking. Charter flights are permitted in some areas. A phased reopening plan was launched June 18; measures vary by province.


  • Curacao: Some international and regional flights have resumed, though restrictions remain for most international travelers. Most business restrictions have been lifted.


  • Dominica: All commercial and private passenger flights are suspended at Douglas-Charles Airport (DOM).


  • Dominican Republic: Borders reopened to passenger traffic July 1. Restrictions on public activities remain in effect.


  • El Salvador: All international passenger flights and operations at El Salvador International Airport (SAL) remain suspended. Nonresident foreign nationals are prohibited from entering the country until further notice. A gradual recovery plan to reopen businesses was launched June 16.


  • Grenada: Airports reopened July 1, but flights are still suspended. Seaports have reopened to regional recreational vessels under certain restrictions. A 2300-0500 curfew is in effect through July 7.


  • Guatemala: Officials have canceled all passenger flights in and out of the country and banned the entry of all non-resident foreign nationals. An 1800-0500 curfew is in place Monday-Saturday, with a total lockdown on Sundays through July 12. Tighter measures are enforced in certain departments.


  • Haiti: Commercial flights resumed June 30, and the land border reopened July 1. A 0001-0400 curfew is in effect until further notice.


  • Honduras: Land, sea, and air borders are closed to passenger traffic until further notice; all international flights are suspended. Internal movement is restricted based on the individual's national identification card or passport number. Authorities began gradually reopening businesses on June 8.


  • Jamaica: Air and seaports reopened to all travelers June 15. A 2300-0500 curfew in place through July 31.


  • Montserrat: Most nonresidents are banned from entry. Most business operations have resumed.


  • Nicaragua: Most international commercial passenger flights remain suspended through at least early August. Honduras and Costa Rica have suspended ground passenger traffic at their land borders with Nicaragua.


  • Panama: All commercial international passenger flights are suspended. A 1900-0500 curfew remains in force across most of the country, COVID-related measures tightened in Panama and Panama Oeste provinces. Businesses continue to reopen gradually.


  • Puerto Rico: Border to reopen to non-resident foreign travelers July 15. A 2200-0500 curfew is in effect through at least July 22. Movement and business restrictions have been gradually relaxed since May 4.


  • Saint Kitts and Nevis: All air and seaports are closed to non-resident foreign travelers, but residents are now permitted to return. A curfew is in effect 2359-0500 through at least July 25. Internal restrictions continue to be eased gradually.


  • Saint Lucia: Airports resumed operations June 4; however, seaports are still closed. Full business operations resumed May 20, but a 0001-0500 curfew is still in place.


  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Argyle International Airport (AIA) has reopened primarily to flights serving other Caribbean destinations. Bequia, Canouan, and Union Island ports of entry are closed to yachts and pleasure craft through July 22.


  • Sint Maarten: Only limited regional and international flights have resumed as of July 1.


  • Trinidad and Tobago: All air and seaports are closed to passenger aircraft and vessels. A phased reopening of the economy is underway.


  • Turks and Caicos: All air and seaports remain closed to passenger traffic through at least July 22. Most business restrictions are to be lifted by July 7.


  • US Virgin Islands: All arriving international travelers are subject to health screenings and a 14-day quarantine. Most nonessential businesses and facilities have reopened as of early June.


Although some ports of entry have gradually begun reopening across the region, repatriation and international flight options remain limited. Most flight bans, where they are in effect, do not apply to cargo, humanitarian, or medical flights. Restrictions may be relaxed, reimposed, or otherwise amended based on disease activity.

All countries are enforcing enhanced health screenings for arriving nonresidents, legal residents, and citizens and may require additional approved documentation to permit entry, such as a negative COVID-19 test dated within a certain period of time prior to arrival. Mandatory COVID-19 tests are being conducted at some airports, in most cases at the expense of the traveler. Travelers may be subject to different quarantine protocols across the region.

Confirm all travel arrangements and entry requirements before departing. Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Ensure contingency plans take into account the potential for new COVID-related measures to be imposed or current restrictions to be extended. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings. Consider delaying travel if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny, delays, and potential quarantine.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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