Severity: Warning Alert
Exit/Entry: Varying restrictions continue in Central America and the Caribbean through the end of July due to COVID-19 as some countries reopen.
- Alert Begins: 17 Jul 2020 01:06 PM UTC
- Alert Expires: 24 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Regionwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Severe transport, travel, and business disruptions
Authorities in the Caribbean and Central America will maintain travel, business, and movement restrictions of varying degrees through at least the end of July to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) while attempting to reopen their economies. The exact duration of the measures will almost certainly depend on disease activity and local authorities' preparedness to respond to the pandemic. The following measures are in place as of July 17:
- Anguilla: All air and seaports are closed to nonresident foreign nationals through at least July 30. Restrictions placed on the entry of repatriated citizens and legal residents from high-risk countries and territories until at least July 25.
- Antigua and Barbuda: Air and sea ports have reopened with enhanced health screenings. A 2300-0500 curfew is in effect through July 31; however, business restrictions have been gradually eased since mid-May.
- Aruba: The phased reopening of borders began June 15; however, travelers from Mexico, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Central America, and South America remain banned. Most businesses have reopened since the gradual process of lifting restrictions began May 4.
- Bahamas: Authorities lifted restrictions on international passenger flights, mariners, and private aviation as of July 1. A daily 2200-0500 curfew is in effect until further notice. The majority of professional services and commercial establishments have been permitted to resume operations.
- Barbados: Grantley Adams International Airport (BGI) reopened to all commercial passenger flights July 12.
- Belize: Borders remain closed to all foreign nationals. Remaining business and internal movement restrictions were lifted July 1. Highly localized tightened measures are in place in some areas.
- Bermuda: LF Wade International Airport (BDA) reopened to international passenger flights July 2. A 0001-0500 curfew is in effect until at least July 20.
- British Virgin Islands: Air and sea ports have reopened for citizens and permanent residents as of June 4; however, nonresident foreign nationals are still banned. A 0001-0500 curfew is in effect until July 30. Most businesses are permitted to reopen.
- Caribbean French Territories: Arriving passengers are subject to advanced health screenings and quarantine protocols. Most nonessential businesses and activities have resumed.
- Caribbean Netherlands: Passenger flights to Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius remain suspended through Aug. 1 with some exceptions. Most businesses and recreational activities have resumed.
- Cayman Islands: All international passenger flights are suspended until at least the end of August. Cruise ships and private vessels are also banned from docking. Some other COVID-related measures are still in place on Grand Cayman and Cayman Brac.
- Costa Rica: All ground, air, and maritime borders remain closed to nonresident foreign nationals through Aug. 1. Tightened restrictions in the San Jose Metropolitan Area and multiple other cantons are in place through July 19.
- Cuba: All international commercial passenger flights are suspended, and foreign maritime vessels are banned from docking. Charter flights are permitted in some areas. A phased reopening plan was launched June 18; measures vary by province.
- Curacao: Some international and regional flights have resumed, though restrictions remain for most international travelers. Most business restrictions have been lifted.
- Dominica: All international commercial and private passenger flights are suspended at Douglas-Charles Airport (DOM) through at least Aug. 12.
- Dominican Republic: Borders reopened to passenger traffic July 1. Restrictions on public activities remain in effect.
- El Salvador: All international passenger flights and operations at El Salvador International Airport (SAL) remain suspended. Nonresident foreign nationals are prohibited from entering the country until further notice. A gradual recovery plan to reopen businesses was launched June 16.
- Grenada: Air and sea ports are closed to foreign national through at least Aug. 1. Seaports have reopened to regional recreational vessels under certain restrictions.
- Guatemala: Officials have canceled all passenger flights in and out of the country and banned the entry of all nonresident foreign nationals. An 1800-0500 curfew is in place Monday-Friday, with a total lockdown on weekends through July 27. Tighter measures are enforced in certain departments.
- Haiti: Commercial flights resumed June 30, and the land border reopened July 1. A 0001-0400 curfew is in effect until further notice.
- Honduras: Land, sea, and air borders are closed to passenger traffic until further notice; all international flights are suspended. A regional recovery plan is in place, with most major population centers under stricter restrictions through July 19.
- Jamaica: Air and sea ports reopened to all travelers June 15. A 2300-0500 curfew in place through July 31.
- Montserrat: Most nonresidents are banned from entry. Most business operations have resumed.
- Nicaragua: Most international commercial passenger flights remain suspended through at least early August. Honduras and Costa Rica have suspended ground passenger traffic at their land borders with Nicaragua.
- Panama: All commercial international passenger flights are suspended. A 1900-0500 curfew remains in force across most of the country. Restrictions are tightened in Panama and Panama Oeste provinces. Businesses continue to reopen gradually.
- Puerto Rico: The border reopened to non-esident foreign travelers July 15. A 2200-0500 curfew is in effect through at least July 31. Capacity limits on businesses and restrictions on entertainment establishments in place.
- Saint Kitts and Nevis: All air and seaports are closed to nonresident foreign travelers, but residents are now permitted to return. A curfew is in effect 2359-0500 through at least July 25. Internal restrictions continue to be eased gradually.
- Saint Lucia: Airports resumed operations June 4, and seaports reopened July 10. Full business operations resumed May 20.
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Argyle International Airport (AIA) has reopened primarily to flights serving other Caribbean destinations. Bequia, Canouan, and Union Island ports of entry are closed to yachts and pleasure craft through July 22.
- Sint Maarten: Only limited regional and international flights have resumed as of July 1.
- Trinidad and Tobago: All air and sea ports are closed to passenger aircraft and vessels. A phased reopening of the economy is underway.
- Turks and Caicos: All air and seaports remain closed to passenger traffic through at least July 22. Tighter restrictions and a 2000-0500 curfew are in place in Providenciales, though most restrictions have been lifted elsewhere.
- US Virgin Islands: All arriving international travelers are subject to health screenings and a 14-day quarantine. Most nonessential businesses and facilities have reopened as of early June.
Although some ports of entry have gradually begun reopening across the region, repatriation and international flight options remain limited. Most flight bans, where they are in effect, do not apply to cargo, humanitarian, or medical flights. Restrictions may be relaxed, reimposed, or otherwise amended based on disease activity.
All countries are enforcing enhanced health screenings for arriving nonresidents, legal residents, and citizens, and may require additional approved documentation to permit entry, such as a negative COVID-19 test dated within a certain period of time prior to arrival. Mandatory COVID-19 tests are being conducted at some airports, in most cases at the expense of the traveler. Travelers may be subject to different quarantine protocols across the region.
Confirm all travel arrangements and entry requirements before departing. Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Ensure contingency plans take into account the potential for new COVID-related measures to be imposed or current restrictions to be extended. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings. Consider delaying travel if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny, delays, and potential quarantine.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.