Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Authorities in Ukraine maintaining adaptive quarantine measures through at least July 31 in effort to stem spread of COVID-19.
- Alert Begins: 07 Jul 2020 12:16 PM UTC
- Alert Expires: 31 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Travel and business disruptions
Ukraine has reopened several road and pedestrian checkpoints on the land borders with Belarus and Russia as of July 7. Authorities have reopened the crossings at Dolsk, Vilcha, Bachevsk, Domanovo, Goptovka, Melovoe, Novi Yarilovichi, Senkovka, Slavutich, Unakovka, and Vyazhupovichi.
While airports have resumed domestic and international flights, many other land border crossings remain closed. Freight transport is permitted through open checkpoints. All international passenger rail and maritime services are suspended; freight transport is unaffected. Ukraine has color-coded countries of origin into Green or Red. Green countries are those in which the number of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases is fewer than 40 per 100,000; Red countries are those where the case number per head is higher. International arrivals from Red countries – with the exception of diplomats, representatives of foreign organizations, international freight truck drivers, and aircraft and vessel crewmembers - are required to undergo 14-days’ quarantine at their place of residence or at an official institution; individuals who can prove that the are COVID-19-free will not be required to undergo quarantine.
Authorities in Ukraine are maintaining an adaptive quarantine regime until at least July 31 in order to stem the spread of COVID-19. Under the regime, restrictive measures are gradually eased or extended depending on COVID-19 activity in each region. Accordingly, some regions will have more restrictions than others; however, several measures continue to apply nationwide. Residents are required to wear protective face masks on public transport and in public spaces; identification must be carried at all times. Residents should maintain a physical distance of at least 1.5 meters (5 feet) while in public. Indoor and outdoor gatherings are permitted but social distancing must be observed. This applies to private gatherings, demonstrations, entertainment, and cultural events.
Authorities have gradually eased COVID-19 measures in stages since May. All regions of the country have proceeded to the second stage of recovery as of July 5 except for Kyiv, Chernihiv, Donetsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Odesa, Rivne, Volyn, and Zakarpattia, which have all maintained some form of quarantine. Intercity buses and trains to and from most major cities have resumed, except for cities in quarantine zones. Restaurants and cafes have resumed indoor operations subject to social distancing requirements. Most nonessential businesses have reopened, including retailers, hotels, spas, leisure facilities, and cultural venues. Kindergartens, parks, and recreational areas have also reopened.
All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice in response to government reviews and may receive updates or extensions in the coming days.
Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Ukrainian authorities are similar to actions taken by other governments globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.