Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Authorities in Ukraine close all but 19 border crossing points as of 0001 April 7 to stem spread of COVID-19; pedestrian traffic banned.
This alert affects Ukraine
This alert began 07 Apr 2020 11:15 GMT and is scheduled to expire 24 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: Restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Travel and business disruptions
Authorities in Ukraine have indefinitely closed 115 vehicular and pedestrian border crossing points as of 0001 April 7 in order to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19); 19 vehicular border crossings remain open. Only freight trucks and residents of Ukraine in private vehicles may enter the country via these crossings; all pedestrian traffic is barred. Authorities previously closed all international rail crossings and suspended international passenger flight and maritime services from March 28. Freight transport operations remain unaffected.
Preventive restrictions also entered into effect April 6. These measures prohibit public gatherings of more than two people, with the exception of individuals working on combating COVID-19 or accompanying children. A mask or respirator must be worn in public at all times. Visiting parks, squares, recreation areas, sporting facilities, playgrounds, forests, beaches, and seashores is also prohibited; however, walking pets is permitted. Individuals who have been quarantined will not be able to travel unless they receive authorization from officials. The public is proscribed from visiting agencies that provide palliative care, social protection, and social services. Individuals must carry valid identification documents at all times when in public. All travelers to Ukraine will be placed under 14-day observation; the measure does not apply to diplomats, representatives of international organizations, international freight truck drivers, and aircraft and vessel crewmembers.
Previously enacted measures in Ukraine include:
- Authorities have prohibited entry and exit to and from several areas in Ukraine from April 2 until further notice. Affected areas include the Chernivtsi Oblast, Kherson city in Kherson Oblast, Kamyanka district in Cherkasy Oblast, Tynne in Rivne Oblast, and Kazachye village in Sumy Oblast. Security forces, assisted by healthcare workers, have established health screening points on roads approaching these locations; only vehicles carrying essential goods or persons seeking emergency medical care may transit the checkpoints.
- The government declared a national emergency March 25-April 24. The national emergency empowers the state to enforce extraordinary quarantine-related measures on a case-by-case basis and extended preventive measures already in place. Authorities placed limitations on all intercity air, rail, and road transport; while air and rail travel has been significantly reduced, roadblocks have only been introduced in areas recording local transmission of COVID-19. All educational facilities, sporting facilities, non-essential public offices, and non-essential businesses are closed. Restaurants and cafes may offer delivery and carry-out services. Some cities and regions have introduced stay-at-home advisories and mandatory health screenings.
Authorities could introduce further restrictive measures relating to the COVID-19 pandemic with little warning; such measures could be ambiguous and occasionally contradictory. Authorities could escalate the national emergency to a state of emergency at any time, depending on disease activity; in Ukraine, a state of emergency empowers the government to suspend certain constitutional rights, and enforce other stringent measures.
Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Ukrainian authorities are similar to actions taken by other governments globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic March 11.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.
National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine: www.rnbo.gov.ua
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int