Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Tajikistan continue to implement restrictive measures to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) May 19.

This alert affects Tajikistan

This alert began 19 May 2020 14:40 GMT and is scheduled to expire 02 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Tajikistan contnue to impose measures to control the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of May 19. Open-air and partially enclosed markets in Dushanbe are indefinitely closed. All outdoor team sports have been indefinitely suspended. Face masks and social distancing are mandatory in public; however, enforcement is lax.

Authorities previously granted schools and universities an extended summer holiday; they will not reopen before Aug. 17. All mosques, hairdressers and beauty salons have been indefinitely closed. The export of some agricultural products remains banned. Additionally, all persons entering the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province who have traveled from Dushanbe will be subject to a health screening and must self-isolate for 14 days. Many restaurants, bars, and cafes in Dushanbe have unilaterally closed to patrons in the absence of a directive from the government; some establishments continue to offer delivery services. Grocery stores and public transport continue to operate.

Tajikistan introduced indefinite restrictions on entry and exit at all international borders April 10. International passenger flights are currently suspended. All arrivals are subject to a mandatory 14-day self-isolation order. The restrictions do not apply to holders of diplomatic cards, freight traffic, and crews of international air and rail transport companies. All persons will be subject to enhanced health screening procedures.

Officials confirmed the first cases of COVID-19 infection April 29. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice in response to government reviews and may be extended or otherwise amended in the coming days.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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