Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Authorities in Sudan ease COVID-19 restrictions in Khartoum State and allow employees to return to work gradually, effective July 8.
- Alert Begins: 08 Jul 2020 03:25 PM UTC
- Alert Expires: 13 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: Restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Increased security, transport and business disruptions; possible protests
Authorities in Sudan have relaxed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown measures in Khartoum State effective July 8. Under the new order, a curfew will run 1800-0500 and public transportation will resume. Authorities have allowed employees to return for work at 50-percent capacity with full adherence to health sector guidelines.
Other measures put in place by the government of Sudan include:
- Passenger flights are suspended through July 12. The measure does not apply to emergency and cargo flights. Some easing of restrictions is reportedly planned in the coming days.
- Outside Khartoum State, a 1800-0600 curfew remains in effect nationwide.
- Intercity and interstate travel remains banned.
- Land and sea borders are closed.
- Mass gatherings are banned.
Security forces have deployed personnel to enforce restrictions related to COVID-19. Authorities could introduce additional preventative measures or ease restrictions, depending on the disease activity in the coming days and weeks.
Background and Analysis
The COVID-19-related measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other governments in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo. Avoid all demonstrations.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.