Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: As of Sept. 5, authorities maintain some restrictions in response to COVID-19 pandemic. Limited air travel ongoing. Curfew in Khartoum.
Alert Begins 05 Sep 2020 01:58 PM UTC
Alert Expires 05 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: Restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Increased security, transport and business disruptions; possible protests
As of Sept. 5, Sudan continues to enforce some restrictions to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The most relevant are listed below.
- Limited international flights have resumed. Khartoum International Airport (KRT) is partially open for flights operating to and from Egypt, Ethiopia, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. Port Sudan New International Airport (PZU) is reportedly closed. Domestic flights resumed Aug. 15.
- Land border crossings are reopening. Argin and Halfa crossings with Egypt have reopened. Land border crossings with Eritrea and Ethiopia are reportedly closed. Some crossings with Chad are partially open.
- Commercial traffic is ongoing through the Red Sea State seaports.
- On arrival, all travelers are required to present a negative polymerise chain reaction (PCR) test no older than 96 hours. Persons six years old and under are exempt from the requirement. Suspected or actual COVID-19 cases will be placed in isolation at the Khartoum Teaching Hospital, Omdurman Teaching Hospital, Jebra Trauma Center, or the Universal Hospital in Khartoum North.
- A 1800-0500 curfew is in effect in Khartoum State. It is not clear if a curfew is in effect or being adhered to elsewhere in the country, as of Sept. 5.
- Interstate public transportation has resumed while intercity transport is available outside of curfew hours.
- Restrictions reportedly remain on various public and private gatherings. Businesses are reportedly resuming operations.
Authorities may amend current restrictions or measures in the coming weeks.
Background and Analysis
The COVID-19-related measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other governments in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.