Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: South Sudan has extended a partial nationwide lockdown measure from April 22 due to COVID-19 activity. Further restrictions likely.

This alert affects South Sudan

This alert began 24 Apr 2020 15:00 GMT and is scheduled to expire 22 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Date: Indefinite
  • Impact: Travel disruptions

Summary
Authorities in South Sudan have extended partial nationwide lockdown measures since April 22 to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The extended lockdown measures impose a nationwide 2000-0600 curfew until further notice.

The new extended order is in addition to a set of earlier imposed measures, which include:

  • Indefinite suspension of all domestic and international flights at Juba International Airport (JUB), except cargo flights for humanitarian and essential goods.
  • The closure of all schools, religious institutions, non-essential businesses, and social gatherings.
  • Closure of land borders.
  • Suspension of interstate and intercity public transportation services.


Additional travel restrictions or health security measures may be implemented with short notice. Clashes are possible if any group attempts to break the curfew; security forces are likely to act quickly to control such incidents. Movement restrictions could result in disruptions to supply chains and the shortages of essential goods.

Background and Analysis
The measures are similar to actions adopted by other governments in Africa and globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization: www.who.int

Ministry of Health Republic of South Sudan: https://moh-rss.org