Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Senegal extend and are maintaining state of emergency measures as of April 6 due to COVID-19. Nationwide curfew enacted.

This alert affects Senegal

This alert began 06 Apr 2020 11:00 GMT and is scheduled to expire 20 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through April
  • Impact: Commercial flight and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Senegal have extended and are maintaining a state of emergency as of April 6 as part of updated efforts to halt the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Measures in place include a nightly curfew 2000-0600. Travel between regions will also be restricted. These measures will complement earlier restrictions, including the suspension of all international travel and closure of the land border with Gambia.

Authorities are quarantining travelers who test positive for COVID-19 in hospitals in Dakar until they receive a negative test result. All public gatherings have been canceled, with schools and universities closed. Ships will not be allowed to enter Senegalese waters indefinitely. Other social distancing measures are also in place. Further restrictions are possible in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organisation: www.who.int

Ministry of Health and Social Action (French): www.sante.gouv.sn