Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Saudi Arabia impose a complete lockdown on several Medina neighborhoods from April 10 to stem spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Saudi Arabia

This alert began 10 Apr 2020 15:15 GMT and is scheduled to expire 05 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Movement restrictions, transport and business disruptions, increased security

Summary
Saudi authorities imposed a complete lockdown on several neighborhoods in Medina city from April 10 until further notice to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The neighborhoods impacted are Ash-Shuraybat city, Qurban, al-Jumaa, Banidhafar, as well as some unspecified areas of al-Iskan, and Bani Khidrah. Residents in the affected areas are not permitted to leave their households; delivery services for essential goods and services will be provided. Saudi authorities also extended the deadline for returning requests from Saudi nationals who are abroad and intending to return to the Kingdom until April 14.

Previously enacted restrictions in Saudi Arabia include:

  • Saudi authorities extended a nationwide curfew to 1500-0600 effective from April 8 until further notice to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Residents are permitted to leave their residences for essential services only. Food delivery services are permitted to operate until 2200 daily. Essential workers are exempt from the measure. The measure is in addition to a 24-hour curfew on the cities of Riyadh, Tabuk, Dammam, Dhahran, and Hofuf as well as the governorates of Jeddah, Taif, Qatif, and Khobar from April 6 until further notice. Authorities previously imposed a 24-hour citywide curfew on Mecca and Medina effective from April 2. Entry and exit to and from these areas are banned. Members of the country's security establishment, healthcare workers, and other essential individuals are exempt from the curfew. Residents in these areas are only permitted to leave their homes for groceries, medical needs, and other essentials from 0600-1500 daily.
  • Authorities announced March 29 that they indefinitely extended the suspension of international and domestic passenger flights, public transportation, including buses, taxis, and trains, and workplace attendance in nonessential public and private sectors. The measures do not apply to transport associated with vital sectors, including health, cargo, and energy.
  • Domestic travel in and out of all the Kingdom's 13 provinces, as well as the cities of Riyadh, Mecca, and Medina, has been ongoing since March 26. Essential workers in some public and private sectors are excluded from the order.
  • Authorities have shut down universities and religious schools nationwide. The King Fahd Causeway, linking Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, remains temporarily closed; it is unclear when it will reopen. Land border crossings with Kuwait, Yemen, and the UAE remain closed until further notice. The closures do not apply to commercial transport.


Authorities could introduce further restrictive measures relating to the COVID-19 pandemic with little warning; such measures could be ambiguous and occasionally contradictory.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int

Saudi Ministry of Health: www.moh.gov.sa

Saudi Ministry of Interior: www.moi.gov.sa

Saudi Ministry of Interior's Announcement: www.twitter.com/MOI