Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Saint Kitts and Nevis announce varied movement restrictions and curfew measures through April 24. Severe disruptions likely.

This alert affects Saint Kitts and Nevis

This alert began 16 Apr 2020 11:32 GMT and is scheduled to expire 24 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 24
  • Impact: Major international and internal transport and business disruptions, increased security

Authorities in Saint Kitts and Nevis have announced varied movement restrictions and curfew measures through at least April 24. Curfew measures were first announced March 31 as part of a state of emergency to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Under the total curfew, all businesses and establishments will remain closed, except health facilities, pharmacies, and security and emergency services. Residents will not be allowed to leave their homes except to procure medical services and medicine, or if participating in the provision of emergency, security, and health services. During the nightly curfew periods, residents will be allowed to leave their homes 0600-1900 to stock up on essential goods. The curfew schedule is:

  • April 16-18: 1900-0600 curfew
  • 0600 April 18-0600 April 20: 24-hour curfew
  • April 20-21: 1900-0600 curfew
  • April 22: 24-hour curfew
  • April 23-24: 1900-0600 curfew

The government previously ordered the closure of all air and seaports to arriving nonresidents, legal residents, and nationals March 25, until further notice. Cargo and medical aircraft and vessels are not affected. The measures in place will significantly impact business and transport in the country, with an increased police presence in the streets. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice.

Background and Analysis
The measures are similar to actions taken by other governments globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic March 11.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

World Health Organization (WHO):

Government of Saint Kitts and Nevis - COVID-19: