Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Romania extends state of emergency for 30 days from April 14 due to coronavirus activity. Severe travel and business disruptions likely.

This alert affects Romania

This alert began 14 Apr 2020 16:47 GMT and is scheduled to expire 14 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least May 14
  • Impact: Severe travel and business disruptions

Summary
Romanian authorities have extended the nation's existing state of emergency for 30 days as of April 14 as part of the effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Under the state of emergency, which initially went into effect March 16, authorities have instructed the public to remain at home or at their place of lodging unless performing essential tasks. Residents are permitted to leave their homes to shop for basic goods, travel to and from essential workplaces, seek medical attention, provide care or assistance to family members, or engage in physical exercise. Authorities have also banned gatherings of more than three people from different households.

Security forces, including members of the military, will remain deployed to enforce the edict. Individuals outside the home may be asked to produce evidence showing the reason for travel in the form of a certificate from an employer or a self-declaration in conjunction with a valid identity document.

The measures are in addition to an ongoing ban on all foreigners entering Romania, except for those who hold residency status, have family in the country, are transiting Romanian territory, or commute across the border for essential work that cannot be carried out remotely. The restrictions do not apply to freight transport, though processing delays are likely due to increased checks at borders.

All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice in response to government reviews and may receive updates or amendments in the coming days.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV2-virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
Government of Romania: gov.ro

Romanian Government's Offical COVID-19 site: stirioficiale.ro

World Health Organization (WHO): who.int