Severity: Critical Alert

Exit/Entry: Authorities in Peru modify coronavirus disease (COVID-19) restrictions as of July 15. Curfew, other measures, remain.

  • Alert Begins: 15 Jul 2020 01:28 AM UTC
  • Alert Expires: 31 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least July 31
  • Impact: Transport and commercial disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Peru modified the restrictions implemented to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). As of July 15, officials require all persons to wear a face shield that covers their eyes, nose, and mouth, as well as a mask that covers their nose and mouth, whenever they are using public transportation or flying in an aircraft. All persons are also required to wash their hands with soap or rub disinfectant on their hands for at least 20 seconds before boarding any aircraft or public transport vehicle. Temperature checks are also mandatory, and no person with a temperature above 38 degrees Celsius (100.4 degrees Fahrenheit) may board any public transport vehicle or enter any airport or bus station. Travelers are also required to sign an affidavit attesting to their health. Persons younger than 14 or older than 65 are required to sign an additional statement swearing that they are abiding by the national quarantine measures. While authorities will initially only issue warnings to those who fail to comply with these regulations, they will begin enforcing the measures July 21.

Under these regulations, limited domestic flights will resume July 15. All international passenger flights to and from Peru remain banned until further notice. Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments.

A nightly 2200-0400 curfew remains in effect nationwide, except Ancash, Arequipa, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, Madre de Dios, and San Martin departments, where a 2000-0400 curfew is in effect. Additionally, in these particular departments, a 24-hour curfew will be in effect on Sundays. During curfew hours, individuals outside their homes may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only essential workers providing critical health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours. An earlier regulation requiring residents to remain inside their homes outside of curfew hours will also be lifted.

Residents over the age of 65 or who have medical conditions that are potentially dangerous comorbidities with COVID-19 continue to be required to stay in their homes. Exceptions only apply when such persons are experiencing medical emergencies or require food, medicine, or financial services and do not have anyone who can acquire these goods and services on their behalf.

Pharmacies, financial institutions, and grocery stores, along with other food sellers, will be allowed to operate. However, all such establishments must adhere to government directives aimed at curbing the further spread of COVID-19, including enforcing social distancing guidelines, implementing enhanced sanitary procedures, and limiting operating capacity.

Significant transport and business disruptions are ongoing. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures that are in place. The government has deployed additional military troops along the northern border with Ecuador to restrict border crossings further. Officials could amend the restrictions at short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
Peru's preventive measures are similar to actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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