Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Peru modifies and extends business and movement restrictions through at least June 30 to curb the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Peru

This alert began 27 May 2020 02:30 GMT and is scheduled to expire 01 Jul 2020 11:00 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least June 30
  • Impact: Significant transport and commercial disruptions, increased security

Summary
Authorities in Peru have modified and extended movement and other restrictions that are in force on the national and local levels through at least June 30, as part of the country's effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

A nightly curfew is in place nationwide between 2100-0400. An extended nightly 1800-0400 curfew is also in effect in the departments of La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Piura, Tumbes, and Ucayali, as well as the Casma, Huarmey, and Santa provinces of the department of Ancash. During curfew hours, people outside their homes may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only those participating in the provision of critical health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours.

Residents may leave their homes during noncurfew hours Monday through Saturday solely to purchase food or medications, attend to medical or financial matters, or work in an essential business. Residents are not allowed to leave their homes on Sundays. Only one person at a time per household may be outside the residence to attend to essential tasks; all other household members must remain home during that time. Additionally, all persons must wear a mask that covers the nose and mouth while in public.

Furthermore, people older than 65 or have medical conditions that are comorbidities with COVID-19 may not leave their homes. Exceptions only apply when such persons are experiencing medical emergencies or require food, medicine, or financial services and do not have anyone who can acquire these goods and services on their behalf.

Grocery stores, pharmacies, and financial institutions such as banks may operate as long as they do so at no more than 50 percent of their usual maximum capacity and ensure that costumers and staff cover their noses and mouths with masks. Stores selling food must ensure that customers maintain at least one meter of distance between themselves and undergo a disinfectant procedure before entering the store.

Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic; international passenger flights to and from the country remain suspended. Several nations have agreements with Peru to allow limited flights to repatriate their citizens. Nationals of countries that do not have such arrangements may not leave Peru. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments.

Significant transport and business disruptions are ongoing. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures that are in place. The government has deployed additional military troops along the northern border with Ecuador to restrict border crossings further. Officials could amend the restrictions at short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
Peru's preventive measures are similar to actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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