Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Peru modifies and extend COVID-19-related restrictions effective Sept. 21 due to continuing high disease activity.
Alert Begins 18 Sep 2020 08:25 PM UTC
Alert Expires 30 Sep 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Through at least Sept. 30
- Impact: Transport and commercial disruptions
Authorities in Peru have modified and extended nationwide restrictions amid continued high levels of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) activity. Effective Sept. 21, the country's existing stay-at-home order will be modified to require all persons to remain in their homes 2300-0400 nightly. During these curfew hours, individuals outside their homes may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only essential workers providing health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours. The previous requirement that all persons remain at home on Sundays will be lifted in all locations except those that have been declared to be under quarantine.
Authorities have also updated the list of provinces under quarantine where a broader nightly 2000-0400 curfew is in effect from Monday through Saturday. In provinces under quarantine, all persons must remain in their homes during curfew hours and at all times on Sundays.
As of Sept. 20, the following provinces will be under quarantine:
- Amazonas Department: Chachapoyas, Condorcanqui, and Utcubamba Provinces
- Ancash Department: Casma, Huaraz, Huarmey, and Santa Provinces
- Apurimac Department: Abancay Province
- Ayacucho Department: Huamanga, Huanta, Lucanas, and Parinacochas Provinces
- Cajamarca Department: Cajamarca Province
- Cusco Department: all provinces
- Huancavelica Department: Huancavelica Province
- Huanuco Department: Huanuco, Leoncio Prado, and Puerto Inca Provinces
- Ica Department: Ica and Pisco Provinces
- Junin Department: Huancayo and Satipo Provinces
- Lima Department: Huaral Province
- Madre de Dios Department: Tambopata Province
- Moquegua Department: all provinces
- Pasco Department: Pasco and Oxapampa Provinces
- Puno Department: all provinces
- Tacna Department: all provinces
Residents over the age of 65 or individuals who have preexisting medical conditions or potentially dangerous comorbidities are required to stay in their homes nationwide. Exceptions only apply when such persons are experiencing medical emergencies or require food, medicine, or financial services and do not have anyone who can acquire these goods and services on their behalf. Minors must also remain in their residences except to leave for no more than 30 minutes and no further than 500 meters from their homes. Minors must be accompanied by an adult who lives with them whenever they are in public.
Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments. As of Sept. 18, the current suspension of all international flights is set to expire Oct. 1; authorities have indicated that they will likely allow this suspension to lapse, thereby permitting international flights to resume. Widescale flight cancellations are likely due to reduced demand and the quarantine measures, which affect several major airports, including Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport (CUZ), Inca Manco Capac International Airport (JUL), and Coronel Carlos Ciriani Santa Rosa International Airport (TCQ).
Officials require all persons to wear a face shield that covers their eyes, nose, and mouth, and a mask that covers the nose and mouth whenever they are using public transportation or flying in an aircraft. All persons must also wash their hands with soap or rub disinfectant on their hands for at least 20 seconds before boarding any aircraft or public transport vehicle. Temperature checks are also mandatory, and no person with a temperature above 38 degrees Celsius (100.4 degrees Fahrenheit) may board any public transport vehicle or enter any airport or bus station. Travelers are also required to sign an affidavit attesting to their health. Persons younger than 14 or older than 65 must sign an additional statement swearing that they are abiding by the national quarantine measures.
Pharmacies and financial institutions, as well as grocery stores and other food sellers are allowed to operate, including in areas under quarantine measures. However, all such establishments must adhere to government directives, including enforcing social-distancing guidelines, implementing enhanced sanitary procedures, and limiting operating capacity.
Significant transport and business disruptions are ongoing. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures that are in place. The government has deployed additional military troops along the northern border with Ecuador to restrict border crossings further.
Authorities could tighten, extend, ease, or otherwise amend any restrictions with little-to-no notice depending on disease activity over the coming weeks.
Background and Analysis
Peru's preventive measures are similar to actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.