Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Peru broadens travel and movement restrictions through at least April 12 to stem the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Peru

This alert began 03 Apr 2020 02:16 GMT and is scheduled to expire 13 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 12
  • Impact: Curfew, border closure, transport and commercial disruptions, increased police and military presence

Summary
President Martin Vizcarra modified regulations from a previously declared state of emergency set to last through at least April 12 as part of the country's efforts to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Beginning April 2, only men may leave their homes on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday to obtain essential goods. Only women may leave their homes on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. No one may leave their homes on Sunday, and leaving one's home for any reason except to provide or obtain essential goods such as food, pharmaceuticals, or fuel is prohibited. Nonessential businesses will remain closed.

The modified regulations additionally stipulate that only one person per household may leave their home to do essential shopping, with all other members of the household remaining home during that time. The regulations also require that all people wear a mask that covers their nose and mouth while they are in public.

A previously declared nightly curfew remains in effect during the hours of 1800-0500, except for in the departments of La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Piura, and Tumbes, where curfew is 1600-0500. People outside of their homes during curfew hours may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only personnel participating in the provision of critical health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours.

Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic, with international passenger flights to and from the country suspended. Several countries have agreements with Peru to allow limited flights to repatriate their citizens. Nationals of countries that do not have such arrangements may not leave Peru. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments.

Congress recently granted Vizcarra broad emergency powers to decree new laws related to public health and the government's response to COVID-19. Vizcarra could use his emergency powers to expand the travel and movement restrictions at short notice.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease. Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Heed all official advisories and remain non-confrontational if stopped by authorities. Reconfirm all travel arrangements if traveling to, from or via Peru, anticipating that most such travel will be canceled. Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent hand-washing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
State of emergency declaration: elperuano.pe

Broadening of curfew hours: elperuano.pe

Additional restrictions: elperuano.pe