Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Officials in Peru extend state of emergency, movement restrictions through at least April 26, to curb the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Peru

This alert began 10 Apr 2020 11:45 GMT and is scheduled to expire 26 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 26
  • Impact: Curfew, border closure, transport and commercial disruptions, increased police and military presence

Summary
President Martin Vizcarra extended the state of emergency in Peru until at least April 26, as part of the country's efforts to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Under the state of emergency, a nightly curfew will remain in place nationwide between 1800-0400, except in the departments of Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, and Loreto, where the curfew will be in force between 1600-0400. Until April 12, the nightly curfew will run between 1800-0500 nationwide, and between 1600-0500 in Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, and Loreto. People outside of their homes during curfew hours may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only personnel participating in the provision of critical health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours.

Officials had previously announced an order requiring all residents to stay inside their homes April 9-10. The extension of the state of emergency stipulates that between April 11-26 only one person per household may leave the home to purchase basic food products, medicines, or attend a financial issue at a bank, outside of the curfew hours and between Monday-Saturday. Residents are not allowed to leave their homes on Sundays. A previous measure that allowed only men or women to leave the home on specific days of the week has been lifted. Nonessential businesses remain closed and gathering for social purposes is prohibited. The regulations also require that all people wear a mask that covers their nose and mouth while they are in public. Workers in essential services are exempted from movement restrictions.

These orders are in addition to previously announced measures that remain in force. Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic, with international passenger flights to and from the country suspended. Several countries have agreements with Peru to allow limited flights to repatriate their citizens. Nationals of countries that do not have such arrangements may not leave Peru. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments.

Significant transport and business disruptions are ongoing. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures. The government has deployed additional military troops along the northern border with Ecuador, to further restrict border crossings. Officials could amend the order at short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
Peru's preventive measures correspond with similar actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
State of emergency declaration: https://busquedas.elperuano.pe

Broadening of curfew hours: https://busquedas.elperuano.pe

Additional restrictions: https://busquedas.elperuano.pe

State of Emergency Extension: https://busquedas.elperuano.pe