Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Authorities in Peru extend coronavirus disease (COVID-19) restrictions through Aug. 31. Curfew, other measures, remain.
- Alert Begins: 01 Aug 2020 12:37 AM UTC
- Alert Expires: 31 Aug 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Through at least Aug. 31
- Impact: Transport and commercial disruptions
Authorities in Peru modified and extended the restrictions to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) through at least Aug. 31. The modified restrictions establish quarantine measures in provinces particularly affected by COVID-19. In provinces under quarantine, all persons must remain in their homes except to provide or obtain essential goods and services. Additionally, a nightly 2000-0400 curfew is in effect in areas under quarantine, with all persons required to remain in their homes during the curfew hours Monday-Saturday and at all times on Sundays.
The following provinces will be under quarantine Aug. 1-31:
- Amazonas Department: Bagua, Condorcanqui, and Utcubamba Provinces
- Ancash Department: Casma, Huaraz, and Santa Provinces
- Apurimac Department: Abancay and Andahuaylas Provinces
- Arequipa Department: all provinces
- Cajamarca Department: Cajamarca, Jaen and San Ignacio Provinces
- Cusco Department: Cusco and La Convencion Provinces
- Huancavelica Department: Huancavelica Province
- Huanuco Department: all provinces
- Ica Department: all provinces
- Junin Department: all provinces
- Madre de Dios Department: Tambopata Province
- Moquegua Department: Ilo and Mariscal Nieto Provinces
- Puno Department: Puno and San Roman Provinces
- San Martin Department: all provinces
- Tacna Department: Tacna Province
A nightly 2200-0400 curfew remains in place for all other locations throughout Peru. During curfew hours, individuals outside their homes may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only essential workers providing critical health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours.
Residents over the age of 65 or who have medical conditions that are potentially dangerous comorbidities with COVID-19 continue to be required to stay in their homes. Exceptions only apply when such persons are experiencing medical emergencies or require food, medicine, or financial services and do not have anyone who can acquire these goods and services on their behalf.
Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments. While limited domestic flights are permitted, widescale flight cancellations are likely due to the quarantine measures, which affect several major airports, including Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport (CUZ) and Rodriguez Ballon International Airport (AQP).
Officials require all persons to wear a face shield that covers their eyes, nose, and mouth, and a mask that covers their nose and mouth whenever they are using public transportation or flying in an aircraft. All persons must also wash their hands with soap or rub disinfectant on their hands for at least 20 seconds before boarding any aircraft or public transport vehicle. Temperature checks are also mandatory, and no person with a temperature above 38 degrees Celsius (100.4 degrees Fahrenheit) may board any public transport vehicle or enter any airport or bus station. Travelers are also required to sign an affidavit attesting to their health. Persons younger than 14 or older than 65 must sign an additional statement swearing that they are abiding by the national quarantine measures.
Pharmacies, financial institutions, grocery stores, and other food sellers are allowed to operate, including in areas under quarantine measures. However, all such establishments must adhere to government directives, including enforcing social distancing guidelines, implementing enhanced sanitary procedures, and limiting operating capacity.
Significant transport and business disruptions are ongoing. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures that are in place. The government has deployed additional military troops along the northern border with Ecuador to restrict border crossings further. Officials could amend the restrictions at short notice, depending on disease activity in the coming weeks.
Background and Analysis
Peru's preventive measures are similar to actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.