Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Peru extends business and movement restrictions through at least May 24 to curb the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Peru

This alert began 11 May 2020 15:15 GMT and is scheduled to expire 25 May 2020 12:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least May 24
  • Impact: Significant transport and commercial disruptions; increased security

Summary
Authorities in Peru have extended movement and other restrictions that are in force on the national and local levels through at least May 24, as part of the country's effort to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

A nightly curfew remains in place nationwide between 1800-0400, except in the departments of La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Piura, and Tumbes, where the curfew is in force 1600-0400. People outside their homes during curfew hours may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only personnel participating in the provision of critical health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours.

Residents may leave their homes during noncurfew hours Monday through Saturday solely to purchase food or medications, attend to financial matters at banks, or work in an essential business. Residents are not allowed to leave their homes on Sundays. Only one person at a time per household may be outside the residence to attend to essential tasks; all other members of the household must remain home during that time.

Additionally, supermarkets and pharmacies may only be open 0700-1700 Monday through Saturday. In the departments of La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Piura, and Tumbes, supermarkets and pharmacies may only be open 0700-1400 Monday through Saturday. Employees of such businesses are allowed to travel to and from work outside these hours, provided they do not violate the curfew.

Nonessential businesses remain closed, and social gatherings are prohibited. Additionally, each individual must wear a mask that covers the nose and mouth while in public.

Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic, with international passenger flights to and from the country being suspended. Several nations have agreements with Peru to allow limited flights to repatriate their citizens. Nationals of countries that do not have such arrangements may not leave Peru. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments.

Significant transport and business disruptions are ongoing. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures that have been implemented. The government has deployed additional military troops along the northern border with Ecuador to restrict border crossings further. Officials could amend the restrictions at short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
Peru's preventive measures are similar to actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers. Plan for possible ground shipping and travel delays; seek alternative routes and shipping methods for time-sensitive cargo.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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