Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Peru broadens travel and movement restrictions through at least April 12 to stem the spread of COVID-19.

This alert affects Peru

This alert began 07 Apr 2020 23:23 GMT and is scheduled to expire 21 Apr 2020 08:00 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 12
  • Impact: Curfew, border closure, transport and commercial disruptions, increased police and military presence

Summary
President Martin Vizcarra modified regulations from a previously declared state of emergency as part of the country's efforts to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Under the modification, all people are ordered to remain in their homes April 9-10, holidays that usually see large street gatherings.

The order is in addition to previously announced measures that remain in force. Peru's borders remain closed to all passenger traffic, with international passenger flights to and from the country suspended. Several countries have agreements with Peru to allow limited flights to repatriate their citizens. Nationals of countries that do not have such arrangements may not leave Peru. The border closures do not apply to cargo shipments.

A nightly curfew also remains in effect during the hours of 1800-0500, except for in the departments of La Libertad, Lambayeque, Loreto, Piura, and Tumbes, where the curfew is 1600-0500. People outside of their homes during curfew hours may be subject to questioning and arrest by police or military personnel. Only personnel participating in the provision of critical health, financial, sanitation, and telecommunications services may leave their homes during curfew hours.

To reduce the number of people in public, on days other than April 9-10, only men may leave their homes on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Only women may leave their homes on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. No one may leave their homes on Sunday. All people leaving their homes during the allowed days and times must do so only to provide or obtain essential goods such as food, pharmaceuticals, or fuel. Nonessential businesses remain closed and gathering for social purposes is prohibited.

Additionally, regulations require that only one person per household may leave his or her home to do essential shopping, with all other members of the household remaining home during that time. The regulations also require that all people wear a mask that covers their nose and mouth while they are in public.

While the emergency measures are set to expire April 12, Vizcarra has suggested that they will be extended, and said that he will announce a decision on such an extension shortly after a April 9 cabinet meeting to discuss the matter.

Background and Analysis
Peru's preventive measures correspond with similar actions other governments are taking globally in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Heed all official advisories and remain non-confrontational if stopped by authorities. Reconfirm all travel arrangements if traveling to, from or via Peru, anticipating that most such travel will be canceled. Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent hand-washing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
State of emergency declaration: elperuano.pe

Broadening of curfew hours: elperuano.pe

Additional restrictions: elperuano.pe