Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Nigeria implements additional nationwide restrictions April 28 to curb spread of COVID-19. Measures to be eased in some areas from May 4.

This alert affects Nigeria

This alert began 27 Apr 2020 14:00 GMT and is scheduled to expire 04 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Travel and business disruptions

Authorities in Nigeria have implemented additional restrictive measures nationwide April 28 to curb the spread of COVID-19. This includes a 2000-0600 nightly curfew and mandatory wearing of facemasks. Authorities have also implemented an immediate stay-at-home order in the Kano State until at least May 11 following reports of unexplained deaths.

Additonally, authorities announced April 27 that they would implement a phased and gradual easing of restrictive measures in the capital, Abuja, and in Ogun and Lagos states from May 4. These eased restrictions have not been disclosed.

Other nationwide restrictive measures remain in place. These include:

  • The extension of the closure of the country's airports until at least May 7; cargo and humanitarian flights are exempt
  • The temporary suspension of migrant and passport registration through late April
  • A ban on public gatherings of more than 25 people
  • The closure of all land borders to passenger traffic
  • State-level stay-at-home orders limiting nonessential travel

Security forces have deployed to ensure compliance with the stay-at-home orders.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government have evolved in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Consider delaying traveling to Nigeria until officials lift restrictions. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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