Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Authorities in Borno State, Nigeria, extend lockdown through May 13 to combat COVID-19. Flights suspended through June 6.

This alert affects Nigeria

This alert began 07 May 2020 22:47 GMT and is scheduled to expire 05 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through June 6
  • Impact: Travel and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Nigeria's Borno State have extended the existing lockdown measures through May 13 as part of their efforts to slow the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The lockdown, which was initially introduced April 21, has been extended due to the rise in the number of COVID-19 cases in the state. Authorities have stated they will allow certain businesses to reopen from 0800 to 1700 on May 7, 8, and 11 so that residents can purchase essential items.

On May 6, authorities in Nigeria extended suspension of flights by four weeks through at least June 6 to combat COVID-19. The measure does not apply to cargo and emergency flights.

Other nationwide restrictive measures remain in place. These include the following:

  • Nationwide nightly curfew of 2000-0600 is enforced.
  • Residents are required to wear face masks while in public.
  • Authorities have also implemented a stay-at-home order in Kano State through at least May 11 following reports of unexplained deaths. Security forces have deployed to ensure compliance with the stay-at-home orders.
  • Migrant and passport registration is suspended until further notice.
  • Public gatherings of more than 25 people are banned.
  • All land borders to are closed to passenger traffic.
  • State-level stay-at-home orders limiting nonessential travel remain in place.


Authorities announced April 27 they would implement a phased and gradual easing of restrictive measures in the capital, Abuja, and in Ogun and Lagos states from May 4. The details of these eased restrictions have yet to be released.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government have evolved in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Consider delaying traveling to Nigeria until officials lift restrictions. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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