Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Authorities in Niger maintain some restrictive measures, as of Sept. 5, to contain the spread of COVID-19. Land borders closed.
Alert Begins 05 Sep 2020 11:51 AM UTC
Alert Expires 12 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Travel restrictions
As of Sep.t. 5. authorities in Niger continue to enforce some measures to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). A state of emergency was extended for three months on July 12 and remains in effect. Air travel has resumed. Diori Hamani International Airport (NIM) in Niamey and several other airports in the country are open. Land border crossings are largely closed, and international travel is restricted. Two crossings in the south of the country, to Benin and Burkina Faso, are partially open. Cargo transport is permissible.
Persons eligible for entry to the country will be required to present a negative COVID-19 test to authorities upon arrival. The test should be no older than 72 hours. Testing on arrival is also conducted. Travelers will be encouraged to self-isolate at a single address for at least 14 days. It is not clear if this requirement is mandatory. Persons testing positive will be quarantined for 14 days at a government facility. After 13 days in quarantine, a second test will be administered. Persons leaving the country require a negative COVID-19 test that is no older than 72 hours. The tests are conducted by Centre de Recherche Medicale et Sanitaire Niger. All travelers are required to pay for the tests.
Domestic travel restrictions have largely been relaxed. Facemasks are mandatory in public and social distancing of at least 1 meter (3 feet) is required in public. All measures are subject to change at short notice.
Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Follow all official instructions. Reconfirm all travel arrangements and requirements. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions.
Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.