Severity: Critical Alert

Transportation: As of May 15, officials in Nevada, US, have lifted restrictions on multiple businesses, continue to encourage residents to stay home.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Las Vegas, Nevada
  • Reno, Nevada
  • Elko, Nevada
  • Battle Mountain, Nevada

This alert began 15 May 2020 12:40 GMT and is scheduled to expire 26 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nevada (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Movement restrictions, significant transport and business disruptions

Summary
As of May 15, Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak has issued orders lifting multiple business restrictions, which were in place to combat the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The orders, which will be in place until further notice, still urge residents, especially those 65 years and older or with underlying medical conditions, to remain at their homes except to perform essential tasks and for all residents to wear face coverings when in public. Gatherings of ten people or more remain banned.

The following businesses and services are allowed to operate, albeit with restrictions:

  • Retail stores
  • Drive-in theaters and drive-in religious services
  • Auto dealerships and showrooms
  • Personal care businesses, such as barbershops and hair salons
  • Restaurants and other food establishments
  • State parks


Businesses must limit the number of customers within their premises to 50 percent of their maximum capacity. Personal care businesses must provide services by appointment only. All businesses must enhance sanitation procedures, require workers who interact with the public to wear face coverings, and ensure the proper distance between customers and employees. Businesses should also encourage customers to wear face coverings and employees to work from home whenever possible, return to work in stages, and close common areas. Among the essential businesses that are allowed to continue operating are grocery stores, pharmacies, healthcare facilities, banks, fuel stations, and those involved in energy, transport, security, telecommunications, and critical infrastructure.

Other nonessential businesses and services, such as nightclubs, bars, gyms, public pools, museums, zoos, entertainment venues, spas, and gaming facilities, must remain closed to in-person services. Authorities have also urged all travelers entering Nevada to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Significant transport and business disruptions are likely. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures. Officials could amend the order on short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The relaxation of some measures will likely accelerate in the coming weeks; however, officials may reimpose restrictions or extend them further should the number of COVID-19 cases increase. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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