Severity: Critical Alert

Transportation: Officials in Nevada, US, to lift further restrictions starting May 29, as part of state's coronavirus disease recovery plan.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Las Vegas, Nevada
  • Reno, Nevada
  • Elko, Nevada
  • Battle Mountain, Nevada

This alert began 27 May 2020 20:37 GMT and is scheduled to expire 03 Jun 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nevada (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Significant transport and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Nevada plan to launch Phase 2 of the state's coronavirus (COVID-19) recovery plan on May 29, lifting a number of additional restrictions on businesses and movement. The following businesses will be allowed to reopen, and activities to resume with the start of the new phase:

  • Gyms, fitness centers, and studios
  • Bars, and bar areas within restaurants
  • Aesthetic businesses not allowed to reopen in Phase 1, including tanning salons, day and overnight spas, massage services, and body art establishments
  • Aquatic facilities, swimming pools, and water parks
  • Museums, zoos, art galleries, and aquariums
  • Movie theaters, bowling alleys, indoor malls, mini-golf centers, and amusement parks
  • Entertainment venues (without spectators)


Moreover, gatherings of up to 50 people will be allowed, although authorities urge residents to adhere to social distancing guidelines and wear protective face coverings whenever in public. Individuals 65 years and older, and those with underlying health conditions, should continue to remain at home as much as possible.

A number of other businesses and facilities have resumed operation since mid-May during earlier rounds of reopenings, such as retail stores, drive-in theaters and religious services, some personal care businesses, dine-in services at restaurants, and state parks.

All businesses must limit the number of customers within their premises to 50 percent of their maximum capacity. Personal care businesses must provide services by appointment only. All businesses must enhance sanitation procedures, require workers who interact with the public to wear face coverings, and enforce social distancing standards between customers and employees. Businesses are also encouraged to allow employees to work from home whenever possible, to resume operations in stages, and to close common areas. Essential businesses such as grocery stores, pharmacies, healthcare facilities, banks, fuel stations, and those involved in energy, transport, security, telecommunications, and critical infrastructure, have not been subject to mandatory closures.

Authorities anticipate youth sports to resume in early June. Officials have also scheduled June 4 as the tentative date for the reopening of gaming facilities, although the date will be confirmed in the coming days. Authorities are also urging all travelers entering Nevada to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Transport and business disruptions remain likely. Authorities could keep additional security personnel deployed to assist in enforcing remaining measures. Officials could amend the order on short notice, depending on disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The relaxation of some measures will likely accelerate in the coming weeks; however, officials may reimpose restrictions or extend them further should the number of COVID-19 cases increase. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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