Severity: Critical Alert

Transportation: Officials in Nevada, US, extend orders to keep nonessential businesses closed, order residents to stay at home until at least April 30.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Las Vegas, Nevada
  • Reno, Nevada
  • Elko, Nevada
  • Battle Mountain, Nevada

This alert began 02 Apr 2020 11:34 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: COVID-19 Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nevada (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 30
  • Impact: Movement restrictions, significant transport and business disruptions

Summary
Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak issued an order that extends the requirement to close all nonessential businesses and ordered residents to stay at home except to perform essential tasks through at least April 30, as part of the state's efforts to combat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The order to close nonessential businesses has been in place since March 20. Among the essential businesses that may remain open are grocery stores, pharmacies, healthcare facilities, banks, fuel stations, energy, transport, security, telecommunications, and infrastructure companies, as well as restaurants for deliveries and pick-ups. Officials issued a stay-at-home order, which requires residents to remain inside their homes, except to perform essential tasks such as obtaining basic goods, caring for a person in need, performing outdoor recreational activities without gathering and maintaining a proper distance from others, and going to work at an essential business or service. Authorities also activated the state's National Guard to support logistics operations in the efforts to curb the spread of COVID-19.

Significant transport and business disruptions are likely. Authorities will almost certainly deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures. Officials could amend the order in short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Nevada authorities are similar to actions adopted by other governments in the US and globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
World Health Organisation (WHO): www.who.int

State of Nevada COVID-19 Updaets: https://nvhealthresponse.nv.gov/

Nevada Division of Emergency Management: https://dem.nv.gov/