Severity: Critical Alert

Transportation: Officials in Nevada, US, extend orders requiring residents to stay at home, most nonessential businesses to close, through at least May 15.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Las Vegas, Nevada
  • Reno, Nevada
  • Elko, Nevada
  • Battle Mountain, Nevada

This alert began 30 Apr 2020 12:01 GMT and is scheduled to expire 15 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nevada (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Movement restrictions, significant transport and business disruptions

Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak extended the order requiring residents to stay at home except to perform essential tasks, and to maintain the closure of most nonessential businesses, through at least May 15, as part of the state's efforts to combat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The order, which was set to expire April 30, allows residents to leave their homes only to obtain basic goods, care for a person in need, go to work at an essential business or service, or perform outdoor recreational activities without gathering and maintaining a proper distance from others. Starting May 1, some recreational venues, such as golf courses and tennis courts, will be allowed to reopen.

Most nonessential businesses must remain closed through at least May 15. However, starting May 1, retail stores may offer their goods through delivery and pickup services. Restaurants may continue to offer those same options. Religious services will be allowed, but only with congregants remaining in their cars, ensuring proper distance from others. Other nonessential businesses may operate with their employees working from home. Among the essential businesses that are allowed to continue operating are grocery stores, pharmacies, healthcare facilities, banks, fuel stations, and those involved in energy, transport, security, telecommunications, and critical infrastructure. Authorities have also urged all travelers entering Nevada to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Significant transport and business disruptions are likely. Authorities will almost certainly deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures. Officials could amend the order in short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by Nevada authorities are similar to actions adopted by other governments in the US and globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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