Severity: Critical Alert
Exit/Entry: Myanmar extends domestic gathering controls and international movement restrictions through July 31 due to COVID-19 activity.
- Alert Begins: 14 Jul 2020 04:10 PM UTC
- Alert Expires: 31 Jul 2020 11:59 PM UTC
- Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Transport and business disruptions, quarantine measures; possible protests
Myanmar's government has extended various domestic gathering and international movement restrictions through at least July 31 to stem the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). Most gatherings remain limited to five people, with exemptions, including for public servants, government-related meetings, food establishments, and essential businesses. Factories are allowed to operate after passing government inspections. Restaurants can serve dine-in customers with precautions; employees must wear masks and set up partitions between customers. Officials plan to restart classes at high schools from July 21, although this may be delayed. Authorities continue to advise the public to wear masks or face coverings.
Varying movement controls remain in effect across the country. A 0001-0400 nightly curfew in several locations, including the Yangon region and multiple townships of Naypyidaw, is set to remain in place through at least July 31. Mandalay region officials may require people arriving from areas implementing stricter localized restrictions to undergo a 21-day quarantine at designated facilities. Naypyidaw's local government has set up checkpoints and will quarantine travelers showing COVID-19 symptoms for 21 days.
Most international flights remain banned through at least July 31 with limited exceptions, including relief and cargo flights. Visa-on-arrival and e-visa issuance for tourism purposes remain suspended. Returning Myanmar nationals must undergo a 21-day quarantine at government-designated sites, followed by one week of self-isolation. Most foreign nationals remain banned from entering the country, with limited exceptions for diplomatic personnel. Resident diplomats and UN officials may undergo quarantine at their residence for two weeks. The government has restricted cross-border movements at land checkpoints, allowing only the transport of goods.
Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
consider postponing travel if affected by travel restrictions. Confirm flight status before checking out of accommodation and departing for the airport. Follow all official immigration and health screening instructions, particularly if traveling from affected locations. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings at all ports of entry. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Avoid any demonstration as a precaution.
Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.