Severity: Critical Alert
Entry/Exit: Myanmar expanding restrictions due to COVID-19 as of April 20. Movement controls extended in Yangon. Travel restrictions in effect.
This alert affects Myanmar
This alert began 20 Apr 2020 05:54 GMT and is scheduled to expire 11 May 2020 23:59 GMT.
- Incident: Restrictions
- Location(s): Nationwide (map)
- Time Frame: Indefinite
- Impact: Entry bans, quarantine measures, curfews, transport and business disruptions; possible protests
Authorities continue to expand restrictions within Myanmar to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The central government has ordered the extension of movement control measures in Yangon's Bahan, Hlaingthaya, Insein, Mayangon, Pabedan, Shwepyitha, and South Okkalapa townships as of April 20. Residents must stay at home in these areas, with exemptions for employees in both public and private sectors, while only one person from each household can leave to purchase essential supplies. Officials are also allowing vehicles only to transport employees to and from workplaces.
The national government has banned gatherings of more than five people, with exemptions for public servants and factory workers commuting to and from their workplaces and medical emergencies, among others. Other internal movement controls remain in place across much of Myanmar but vary by location. A 2200-0400 nightly curfew is in effect for all townships of Yangon and Naypyidaw, as well as Ayeyarwady and Sagaing regions. Officials in Mandalay Region have also instituted a 2100-0400 curfew. Officials in Shan State have ordered residents to stay at home and required people to obtain permission from township officials before traveling, with exceptions for buying food and medication, and seeking medical attention in areas under stay-at-home orders. Authorities have closed nonessential businesses in most areas for varying time frames, while essential services such as food producers, markets, medical providers, pharmacies, banks, and utilities remain open. Some regions have also shut down hotels and tourist attractions.
Transport restrictions are ongoing in some areas. Shan State suspended public transport through April 21, while Mandalay city officials banned travel in and out of the city through April 21. Myanmar National Airlines (UB) flights remain suspended through April 30; further flight cancellations and transport disruptions are possible in the coming weeks, depending on government orders.
Locals in some parts of Myanmar, including in Kayah State, have opposed movement controls and may stage demonstrations in the coming weeks.
All international flights, except for relief or cargo flights, remain suspended through at least April 30. The government has restricted border movements, allowing only the transport of goods. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has also suspended visa issuance and visa-free travel to the country through April 30. Diplomats, UN officials, and aircraft and ship crew are exempt from visa restrictions. Returning Myanmar citizens and incoming foreigners, with some exceptions, will need to undergo a 21-day quarantine at government facilities and a subsequent one-week self-isolation. Authorities are allowing diplomats and resident UN officials to self-quarantine at their residence. Officials could expand their response in the coming weeks, particularly if COVID-19 activity increases in-country.
Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent days in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Postpone travel if affected by travel restrictions. Confirm flight status before checking out of accommodation and departing for the airport. Follow all official immigration and health screening instructions, particularly if traveling from affected locations. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings at all ports of entry. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Avoid any demonstration as a precaution.
Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.
World Health Organization (WHO): www.who.int