Severity: Critical Alert

Transportation: Myanmar enacting stay-home rules across Yangon Region from Sept. 21. Travel out of the region is banned. A nightly curfew remains in effect.

Alert Begins 21 Sep 2020 07:09 AM UTC
Alert Expires 05 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Yangon Region (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Increased security, transport and business disruptions

The central government is implementing stay-home orders for all townships in Yangon Region, except Cocokyun Township, from Sept. 21 to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Exemptions are in place for individuals with emergency and essential purposes. People working in select sectors, such as medical, food establishments, manufacturing of essential products, banks, and financial services, are also exempt from the rules. Government employees must rotate between working on-site and at home every two weeks. Authorities allow only one person from each household to leave home to obtain supplies, while only two people per household can visit medical facilities. Wearing a facemask is compulsory when in public. Entry and exit in the areas are restricted, with exemptions for people performing official duties or facing emergencies; people leaving the areas for other reasons must seek the local officials' permission. Vehicles cannot operate in or pass by the areas, except those transporting people to and from work, among others.

The government has also banned Yangon's residents from traveling out of the region, except for emergency or health reasons. A 0001-0400 nightly curfew remains in place throughout the region. Factories can operate after passing government inspections. The government has banned food establishments throughout the region from serving dine-in customers; only takeaway and delivery orders are allowed. Additionally, schools remain shut until further notice. Authorities have not announced any end date for the protocols.

In other parts of Myanmar, some local authorities require arrivals from Yangon to undergo stricter health checks and quarantine at their residence or government-designated facilities. Mandalay Region requires people arriving from Yangon Region and other locations with known COVID-19 cases to quarantine for 21 days at government-designated sites and then self-isolate for seven days at their residences. The restrictions have lowered demand for intercity bus trips from Yangon and led several bus companies to suspend services.

Heightened security, as well as transport and business disruptions, are likely at the townships imposing movement protocols. Officials may introduce new measures or expand the geographic scope of curbs in response to any additional outbreaks in the coming weeks.

Follow all official instructions. Remain polite and cooperative if stopped by security personnel for checks. Avoid crowded areas. Stock up on essential supplies as a precaution. Confirm all travel reservations; consider deferring nonessential travel to and from the affected townships. Make allowances for likely travel restrictions if operating in the region. Abide by national and local health and safety measures. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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