Severity: Warning Alert

Entry/Exit: Montenegro enforces measures to curb the spread of COVID-19 as of March 14. Border crossings closed. Cruise ships barred from ports.

This alert affects Montenegro

This alert began 14 Mar 2020 11:57 GMT and is scheduled to expire 02 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Travel, health restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Through early April
  • Impact: Transport and business disruptions

Summary
Authorities in Montenegro have taken several measures to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of March 14. Multiple border crossings with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Croatia, and Serbia are closed. The duration of the closures is unclear. It is also not clear if all crossings are closed. Cruise ships are prohibited from docking at Montenegro's Adriatic ports through April 2. The government has implemented restrictions on public gatherings and closed educational facilities for 15 days from March 16. Officials will impose quarantine measures for travelers from Japan, France, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Slovenia, and Austria. All restrictions are subject to amendment at short notice in response to government reviews and may receive updates or extensions in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions.

Older individuals, infants, and those with chronic illness are more susceptible to infection and are at increased risk for severe complications. Human-to-human transmission can occur, though it remains unclear how easily the virus spreads between people.

Advice
Reconfirm all travel arrangements if planning to travel to and from Montenegro through early April. Follow all official immigration instructions. Consider delaying travel if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19.

Exercise basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
Government of Montenegro: www.gov.me