Severity: Critical Alert

Transportation: Officials in Michigan, US, extend orders requiring residents to stay at home, nonessential businesses to close, until at least April 30.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Detroit, Michigan
  • Lansing, Michigan
  • Kalamazoo, Michigan
  • Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Flint, Michigan
  • Marquette, Michigan
  • Pontiac, Michigan
  • Traverse City, Michigan
  • Muskegon, Michigan
  • Saginaw, Michigan
  • Pellston, Michigan
  • Escanaba, Michigan
  • Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Portland, Michigan

This alert began 09 Apr 2020 22:31 GMT and is scheduled to expire 30 Apr 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: COVID-19 Restrictions
  • Location(s): Michigan (map)
  • Time Frame: Through at least April 30
  • Impact: Movement restrictions, significant business and transport disruptions, heightened security

Summary
Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer extended orders requiring residents to stay at home, except to perform essential tasks, and nonessential businesses to close until at least April 30 as part of the state's efforts to combat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The orders stipulate that residents can only leave their homes to obtain basic goods, attend to a medical issue, care for a person in need, perform outdoor recreational activities while maintaining a proper distance from others, or go to work at an essential business or service. Among the businesses that can continue in-person operations are those related to healthcare, food and medical equipment, essential government services, security, transport, and energy. Other businesses can only operate with their employees working from home. All gatherings will remain banned. Essential stores must limit the amount of customers they allow inside simultaneously in order to maintain social distancing. In-person lessons at schools have been canceled for the rest of the school year.

Significant transport and business disruptions are likely. Authorities will deploy additional security personnel to assist in enforcing the measures. Officials could amend the order in short notice, depending on the disease activity in the coming weeks.

Background and Analysis
The measures taken by the Michigan authorities are similar to actions adopted by other state governments in the US and globally in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Advice
Strictly heed the instructions of authorities. Avoid all nonessential operations in the areas impacted by the measures. Confirm appointments. Remain courteous and cooperative if approached and questioned by law enforcement officers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Resources
WHO coronavirus knowledge base: www.who.int

Government of Michigan - Coronavirus Updates: www.michigan.gov/Coronavirus

Governor of Michigan - Stay at Home Order: https://content.govdelivery.com/