Severity: Critical Alert

Exit/Entry: Malaysia continues to adjust COVID-19 curbs, including quarantine rules for multiple-entry travelers from Singapore. Other controls remain.

Alert Begins 08 Sep 2020 09:42 AM UTC
Alert Expires 08 Oct 2020 11:59 PM UTC

  • Incident: COVID-19 restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Transport and business disruptions, entry bans, quarantine measures

Malaysia continues to adjust restrictions to stem the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as of Sept. 8. Officials announced Sept. 7 that under the Periodic Commuting Arrangement (PCA) scheme for crossborder travel with Singapore, only people traveling to Johor State can quarantine at their residence or accommodation for seven days upon arrival, while those who are going to other Malaysian states must isolate at government-designated facilities for a week. The travelers can leave the quarantine sites upon testing negative for COVID-19. The PCA program allows long-term work visa holders to undertake multiple-entry visits through land border crossings at Woodlands or Tuas for 90-day stays once their applications are approved. The travelers are eligible for a home leave of two to four weeks after every minimum stay of 90 days in the country where they work.

Nationwide movement restrictions, termed the recovery movement control order (RMCO), remain in effect through Dec. 31 despite the continued easing of some policies. Most businesses can operate, though public places where social distancing controls are hard to enforce, like nightclubs, remain closed. Essential businesses, including restaurants and supermarkets, continue to operate. Sporting events can occur with protocols, such as banning spectators and overseas participants. Interstate travel is permitted, though officials may ban travel for residents of localities implementing stricter curbs. Foreigners can participate in activities at mosques, though other selected religious facilities can host only Malaysian citizens. Public transport can operate at full capacity with protocols, such as requiring passengers to undergo temperature checks and wear facemasks. The use of facemasks also remains compulsory in crowded public places such as markets; officials are also urging people to wear facemasks in public to the extent possible. Authorities continue to discourage people from attending mass gatherings. Violating controls may result in fines of up to MYR 1,000 (USD 240).

The central or state government may order localized stricter measures, termed the targeted enhanced movement control order (TEMCO), in some areas due to higher local COVID-19 activity. The curbs may vary in each locality. TEMCO is currently ongoing in parts of Aman Jaya, Kedah State, until further notice. The restrictions include limiting operating hours of most businesses to 0800-2000 daily and allowing just one person from each household to obtain essential supplies.

Several state governments are maintaining additional statewide restrictions on top of measures mandated by the central authorities. Officials in several states, including Johor, Perak, and Selangor, are reopening markets in stages. Some states may also ban other businesses, such as hair salons and night markets. Additional curbs include limiting the operating hours of businesses, though exemptions are likely for essential services. Central or state authorities may implement or reintroduce restrictions in the coming weeks if COVID-19 cases increase in-country.

Travel Restrictions
Most foreigners remain banned from entering Malaysia; exemptions are in place for resident diplomats, foreign spouses and dependents of Malaysian citizens, long-term pass holders, and expatriate employees working in essential industries and their dependents, among others. Arriving expatriate employees must present an approval letter by authorities. While the government exempts some groups of foreigners from entry restrictions, officials no longer allow entry for foreigners from countries with more than 150,000 COVID-19 cases since Sept. 7. The government will consider appeals from affected foreigners in emergency situations or whose work relates to diplomatic interests. Travelers must test for COVID-19 upon arrival. Those who test positive will undergo treatment at medical facilities, while those who test negative will quarantine for 14 days at designated facilities, with limited exemptions. Travelers must also download the MySejahtera contact tracing application. Foreigners may transit at Malaysian airports as long as they do not pass through the immigration points. Malaysian nationals remain banned from traveling abroad. Emergency repatriation of citizens stranded abroad may occur on a case-by-case basis.

The Reciprocal Green Lane (RGL) scheme allows short term travel for business and official purposes from Singapore with an exemption from normal quarantine requirements for arrivals in Malaysia. The travelers must present approval letters by immigration authorities and a company or government agency in Malaysia, obtain visas if required, and test for COVID-19 within 72 hours before travel and upon arrival. Such travelers must adhere to a pre-approved itinerary for the first 14 days and contact tracing measures.

Background and Analysis
COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. On March 11, the WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Follow all official health and safety measures. Ensure contingency plans account for additional disruptive controls or further extensions of current restrictions. Postpone travel if affected by travel restrictions. Confirm flight status before checking out of accommodation and departing for the airport. Follow all official instructions, particularly if traveling from affected locations. Allow additional time for immigration and health screenings at all ports of entry. Consider delaying travel if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

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