Severity: Critical Alert

Entry/Exit: Madagascar extends nationwide state of health emergency until at least May 17 due to COVID-19. Travel and business disruptions ongoing.

This alert affects Madagascar

This alert began 06 May 2020 11:27 GMT and is scheduled to expire 17 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: COVID-19 estrictions
  • Location(s): Madagascar (map)
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: International flight ban, transportation and business disruptions; possible freight delays

Summary
Authorities in Madagascar have extended the country's state of health emergency to at least May 17 to curb the spread of COVID-19. The decision comes after an increase in the number of COVID-19 cases in the country were reported. Restrictions will follow measures initially introduced April 5:

  • All passenger air traffic remains suspended until further notice.
  • Mandatory wearing of facemasks in public.
  • A nightly 2100-0400 curfew is in place.
  • Gatherings of more than 50 people are prohibited.


Movement restrictions are lifted 0600-1300 daily until further notice. Security personnel are deployed to enforce ongoing measures. Additional restrictions may be implemented or eased in the coming days.

Background and Analysis
The measures adopted by the government of Madagascar correspond with similar actions taken by other regional governments in recent weeks in response to the spread of COVID-19. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (previously known as 2019-nCoV). Symptoms occur 1-14 days following exposure (average of 3-7 days). These symptoms include fever, fatigue, cough, difficulty breathing, sometimes worsening to pneumonia and kidney failure - especially in those with underlying medical conditions. The WHO declared the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic March 11.

Advice
Follow all official instructions. Abide by national health and safety measures. Reconfirm all travel arrangements. Consider delaying traveling if experiencing symptoms associated with COVID-19, as they may prompt increased scrutiny and delays. Liaise with trusted contacts for further updates and guidance. Maintain contact with your diplomatic representation. Ensure contingency plans account for further disruptive measures or extensions of current restrictions. Reconsider and reconfirm nonemergency health appointments. Plan for queues and delays at available shopping centers.

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.


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